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Different types of microcarriers were assessed for the large-scale culture of influenza virus in the Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. Both porous and solid carriers were examined. A higher titre of influenza A/PR8/34 virus was recovered from cultures using solid (1.3x10(9) PFU per ml) rather than porous carriers (4.0x10(8) PFU per ml). High titres of(More)
DNA vaccines are usually given by intramuscular injection or by gene gun delivery of DNA-coated particles into the epidermis. Induction of mucosal immunity by targeting DNA vaccines to mucosal surfaces may offer advantages, and an oral vaccine could be effective for controlling infections of the gut mucosa. In a murine model, we obtained protective immune(More)
Immune suppression during measles accounts for most of the morbidity and mortality associated with the virus infection. Experimental study of this phenomenon has been hampered by the lack of a suitable animal model. We have used the cotton rat to demonstrate that mitogen-induced proliferation of spleen cells from measles virus-infected animals is impaired.(More)
Two monoclonal antibodies raised against Sindbis virus were shown to be specific for the envelope glycoprotein E1 by radioimmunoprecipitation (RIP). They had a number of contrasting biological properties. One of them was capable of neutralizing virus infectivity and inhibiting haemagglutination, while the other had no significant neutralizing or(More)
Lassa virus was purified from culture fluids of infected CV-1 monkey kidney cells and its structural proteins analysed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Stained gels showed a typical arenavirus profile, with a prominent protein of molecular weight 60000, corresponding to the nucleocapsid protein N, and two faint broad bands with molecular weights of(More)
Mopeia virus is an apparently nonpathogenic African arenavirus which can protect animals from subsequent challenge by the closely related Lassa virus. As a step toward understanding these differences in pathogenicity and the means by which Mopeia virus infection can protect against subsequent Lassa virus infection, cDNA clones corresponding to 3419(More)
Several human diseases in Europe are caused by viruses transmitted by tick bite. These viruses belong to the genus Flavivirus, and include tick-borne encephalitis virus, Omsk haemorrhagic fever virus, louping ill virus, Powassan virus, Nairovirus (Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus) and Coltivirus (Eyach virus). All of these viruses cause more or less(More)
More than 3,100 households in 27 selected villages distributed in the main geographic regions of Guinea were surveyed for the presence of Lassa virus-specific IgG antibodies (LVA), using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with Lassa virus nucleocapsid protein expressed in insect cells infected with a recombinant baculovirus as antigen. The highest(More)
The coding region of the gene for the nucleocapsid protein of Lassa virus has been inserted into the genome of Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcNPV) using the transfer vector pAcYM1, so that expression of the foreign DNA is under the control of the promoter of the AcNPV polyhedrin gene. Infection of cultured Spodoptera frugiperda cells(More)