Jayvant R. Heera

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BACKGROUND The MERIT (Maraviroc versus Efavirenz in Treatment-Naive Patients) study compared maraviroc and efavirenz, both with zidovudine-lamivudine, in antiretroviral-naive patients with R5 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. METHODS Patients screened for R5 HIV-1 were randomized to receive efavirenz (600 mg once daily) or maraviroc(More)
BACKGROUND The Maraviroc versus Optimized Therapy in Viremic Antiretroviral Treatment-Experienced Patients (MOTIVATE) studies compared maraviroc versus placebo in treatment-experienced patients with CCR5-using (R5) human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), screened using the original Trofile assay. A subset with non-R5 HIV infection entered the A4001029(More)
BACKGROUND Maraviroc, the first approved CCR5 antagonist, demonstrated 48-week safety and virologic efficacy in CCR5-tropic HIV-infected, treatment-experienced patients; however, critical longer-term safety and durability of responses are unknown. METHODS Two-year follow-up of 2 prospective, randomized, blinded studies of maraviroc once daily or twice(More)
BACKGROUND Maraviroc treatment for HIV-1 infected patients results in larger CD4(+) T cell rises than are attributable to its antiviral activity alone. We investigated whether this is due to modulation of T cell activation and inflammation. METHODS AND FINDINGS Thirty maraviroc-treated patients from the Maraviroc versus Efavirenz Regimens as Initial(More)
BACKGROUND The MOTIVATE-1 and 2 studies compared maraviroc (MVC) along with optimized background therapy (OBT) vs. placebo along with OBT in treatment-experienced patients screened as having R5-HIV (original Monogram Trofile). A subset screened with non-R5 HIV were treated with MVC or placebo along with OBT in a sister safety trial, A4001029. This analysis(More)
BACKGROUND Deep sequencing is a highly sensitive technique that can detect and quantify the proportion of non-R5 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) variants, including small minorities, that may emerge and cause virologic failure in patients who receive maraviroc-containing regimens. We retrospectively tested the ability of deep sequencing to predict(More)
PURPOSE This open-label, nonrandomized, parallel-group study was conducted to explore the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of maraviroc in renally impaired subjects. METHODS Subjects with normal renal function; mild, moderate, or severe renal impairment; or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) (n = 6 per group) were enrolled. Subjects with normal(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was performed to evaluate a once-daily dual-therapy regimen, maraviroc (MVC) + atazanavir/ritonavir (ATV/r), in treatment-naive patients. DESIGN A phase 2b, randomized, open-label pilot study. METHODS In Study A4001078 (NCT00827112), treatment-naive patients with CCR5-tropic HIV-1 (HIV-1 RNA ≥1000 copies/mL; CD4 cell count ≥100(More)
In utero sensitization to infectious pathogens can establish immunological memory and may influence the immune response to unrelated antigens. Little is known about the influence of intrauterine human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) exposure on the cellular immune response to mycobacterial antigens. Whole-blood culture gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) production(More)
BACKGROUND MERIT was a randomized trial comparing maraviroc (MVC) + Combivir versus efavirenz (EFV) + Combivir in drug-naive patients screened as having R5 HIV-1 by the original Trofile assay (OTA). We retrospectively evaluated treatment response after rescreening for viral tropism using population-based V3-loop sequencing. METHODS HIV env V3-loop was(More)