Jayson Rapoport

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We describe 3 patients who developed extreme hypermagnesemia due to ingestion of water of the Dead Sea, which would have been fatal were it not for the protective effects of the accompanying hypercalcemia. We emphasize the clinical features of this condition and the importance and effectiveness of early hemodialysis as the main modality of treatment.
Background. A 52-year-old man with a history of alcohol dependency was admitted to the emergency room with life-threatening anion gap metabolic acidosis. He admitted to drinking large quantities of alcohol during the previous day.Investigations. Physical examination, blood and urine analyses, including calculation of his anion gap and plasma osmolal gap,(More)
We studied the ability of human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMC) to produce the major pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) and -beta when stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) or IL-1 alpha, or combinations of these three factors. Biological activity of IL-1 was measured by bioassay, and(More)
We determined serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol content and analyzed the approtein structure of the various lipoprotein fractions in 21 patients on chronic hemodialysis. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol was significantly reduced in all patients as compared with 11 normal persons (mean +/-1 standard deviation: 26 +/- 13 vs. 52 +/- 9 mg per 100(More)
Heart failure (HF) refractory to conventional therapy is a major and increasing public health and financial problem. Refractory HF is associated with hypervolaemia due to sodium and fluid retention, and azotaemia due to renal hypoperfusion. There is extreme renal salt and water retention and marked secondary hyperaldosteronism. In this state, the kidneys(More)
The active metabolite of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25(OH)2D3), is produced mainly by the kidney, but there is evidence for extrarenal production in certain circumstances. We studied whether peritoneal macrophages (PM) from CAPD patients were capable of metabolizing 25-OH-D3 to 1,25(OH)2D3. We found that PM were able to metabolize 25-OH-D3(More)
Studies were performed to evaluate the mechanism involved in the hypertension of moderate renal failure in partially (five-sixth) nephrectomized rats. Cardiac index (CI) was studied by means of the microsphere technique, and systemic vascular resistance (SVR) calculated from the mean arterial resistance MAP/CI, in four groups of experimental animals: (A)(More)
Aspergillus peritonitis is a rare and serious cause of peritonitis in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. We report 3 cases of aspergillus peritonitis in CAPD which were successfully treated by catheter removal and amphotericin. Two of the 3 patients returned temporarily to CAPD, but were subsequently transferred to hemodialysis(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Interstitial fibrosis is the final common pathway of renal damage and represents an important therapeutic target. Halofuginone is a nontoxic alkaloid, used as a coccidiostat, and is a potent inhibitor of collagen alpha(1)(I) and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) expression. We thus studied the effects of halofuginone on proliferation,(More)