Jayshree L. Hirpara

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Resveratrol, a constituent of grapes and other food products, has been shown to prevent carcinogenesis in murine models. We report here that resveratrol induces apoptotic cell death in HL60 human leukemia cell line. Resveratrol-treated tumor cells exhibit a dose-dependent increase in externalization of inner membrane phosphatidylserine and in cellular(More)
BACKGROUND Chemotherapy-induced reduction in tumor load is a function of apoptotic cell death, orchestrated by intracellular caspases. However, the effectiveness of these therapies is compromised by mutations affecting specific genes, controlling and/or regulating apoptotic signaling. Therefore, it is desirable to identify novel pathways of cell death,(More)
We recently showed that two photoproducts of merocyanine 540, C2 and C5, triggered cytochrome C release; however, C5 was inefficient in inducing caspase activity and apoptosis in leukemia cells, unlike C2. Here we show that HL60 cells acidified upon exposure to C2 but not C5. The intracellular drop in pH and caspase activation were dependent upon hydrogen(More)
Absence of the proapoptotic protein Bax renders tumor cells resistant to drug-induced apoptosis. We have shown that hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-mediated cytosolic acidification is an effector mechanism during drug-induced apoptosis of tumor cells. Here, we report that Bax is critical in determining the sensitivity of tumor cells to H(2)O(2)-induced(More)
Platinum-based drugs remain as the cornerstone of cancer chemotherapy; however, development of multidrug resistance presents a therapeutic challenge. This study aims at understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying resistance to cisplatin and unraveling surrogate signaling networks that could revert sensitivity to apoptosis stimuli. We made use of three(More)
Induction of mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) and cytosolic translocation of cytochrome C are considered essential components of the apoptotic pathway. Hence, there is the realization that mitochondrial-specific drugs could have potential for use as chemotherapeutic agents to trigger apoptosis in tumor cells. Recently, we showed that(More)
AbstractAt least two mechanisms of early cytosolic acidification during apoptotic signaling have been described, one that involves caspase 8 activation downstream of receptor ligation and another dependent on mitochondria-derived hydrogen peroxide during merocil-induced apoptosis. Here, we show that Bcl-2 inhibits both mechanisms of acidification. Moreover,(More)
Intracellular superoxide (O(2)*- was manipulated in M14 melanoma cells by overexpression or repression of Cu/Zn SOD using a tetracycline-inducible expression system. Scavenging intracellular O(2)*- increased tumor cell sensitivity to daunorubicin, etoposide, and pMC540, whereas expression of the antisense SOD mRNA significantly decreased cell sensitivity to(More)
The small GTPase Rac1 is involved in the activation of the reduced NAD phosphate oxidase complex resulting in superoxide production. We recently showed that Bcl-2 overexpression inhibited apoptosis in leukemia cells by creating a pro-oxidant intracellular milieu, and that inhibiting intracellular superoxide production sensitized Bcl-2-overexpressing cells(More)
If the interplay between caspase proteases and mitochondria decide the fate of the cell during apoptosis, they may constitute useful molecular targets for novel drug design. We have shown that photoactivated merocyanine 540 (pMC540) triggers caspase-mediated apoptosis in HL60 leukemia and M14 melanoma cells. Because pMC540 is a mixture of photoproducts, we(More)