Jayne S Lavender

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Histone H4 isoforms acetylated at lysines 5, 8, 12, or 16 have been shown, by indirect immunofluorescence with site-specific antisera, to have distinct patterns of distribution in interphase, polytene chromosomes from Drosophila larvae. H4 molecules acetylated at lysines 5 or 8 are distributed in overlapping, but nonidentical, islands throughout the(More)
Dosage compensation in Drosophila occurs by an increase in transcription of genes on the X chromosome in males. This elevated expression requires the function of at least four loci, known collectively as the male-specific lethal (msl) genes. The proteins encoded by two of these genes, maleless (mle) and male-specific lethal-1 (msl-1), are found associated(More)
In female mammalian cells, dosage compensation for X-linked genes is achieved by the transcriptional silencing, early in development, of many genes on just one of the two X chromosomes. Several properties distinguish the inactive X (Xi) from its active counterpart (Xa). These include expression of Xist, a gene located in the X-inactivation center (Xic),(More)
We use chromatin immunoprecipitation to show that genes on the two active X chromosomes in undifferentiated, XX female embryonic stem cells (ES cells) are marked by hyperacetylation of all core histones, hyper(di)methylation of H3 lysine 4 and hypo(di)methylation of H3 lysine 9, compared with autosomal genes or genes on the single active X in XY male cells.(More)
Antibodies to histone deacetylases (HDACs) have been used to immuno-isolate deacetylase complexes from HeLa cell extracts. Complexes shown to contain HDAC1, HDAC3, HDAC6, and HDAC1+2 as their catalytic subunits have been used in an antibody-based assay that detects deacetylation of whole histones at defined lysines. The class II deacetylase HDAC6 was(More)
In mammals, the levels of X-linked gene products in males and females are equalised by the silencing, early in development, of most of the genes on one of the two female X chromosomes. Once established, the silent state is stable from one cell generation to the next. In eutherian mammals, the inactive X chromosome (Xi) differs from its active homologue (Xa)(More)
We have investigated the role of histone acetylation in X chromosome inactivation, focusing on its possible involvement in the regulation of Xist, an essential gene expressed only from the inactive X (Xi). We have identified a region of H4 hyperacetylation extending up to 120 kb upstream from the Xist somatic promoter P1. This domain includes the promoter(More)
In the fruit flyDrosophila, dosage compensation involves several proteins acting in concert to double the transcriptional activity of genes on the single male X chromosome. Three of these proteins, MLE, MSL-1 and histone H4 acetylated at lysine 16 (H4Ac16), have recently been shown to be located almost exclusively on the male X chromosome in interphase(More)
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