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Epidemiological and experimental evidence indicates that oestrogens are involved in the carcinogenic promotion of human breast cancer. We have undertaken a pilot trial of tamoxifen, an anti-oestrogen, compared to placebo given to 200 women at a high risk of developing breast cancer. The results of this trial show that acute toxicity is low and that accrual(More)
The role of chemotherapy in the palliation of patients with advanced stage (IIIB and IV non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains controversial. We have carried out a chemotherapy study emphasising symptom relief, a topic not normally discussed in previous similar studies. A total of 120 patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung(More)
This paper describes a randomised clinical trial in patients with advanced breast cancer, comparing the regimen 3M, mitomycin C 7-8 mg m-2 (day 1), mitozantrone 7-8 mg m-2 (day 1 and 21), methotrexate 35 mg m-2 (day 1 and 21) given on a 42 day cycle with a standard anthracycline containing regimen, VAC, vincristine 1.4 mg m-2 (day 1), anthracycline(More)
How nephrotoxic is carboplatin? Sir-The study by Sleijfer et al. (1989) reports on a significant deterioration in renal function following moderate dose carboplatin-with a 19% reduction in glomerular filtration rate. This raises reservations about the claimed advantages of carboplatin over cisplatin and suggests that not only is close monitoring of renal(More)
Several genomic regions are recurrently over- or underrepresented in testicular germ cell tumours (TGCTs), but only a fraction of their genes change their expression accordingly. Two publications to date have studied DNA copy numbers and associated gene expression changes on a genome-wide level to identify key players in TGCT tumorigenesis. Here, we compare(More)
Twenty-four symptomatic patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy (mitomycin-C 8 mg m-2 q 6 weeks, vinblastine 6 mg m-2 q 3 weeks, cisplatin 50 mg m-2 q 3 weeks). Patients were assessed for symptom relief as well as for objective response. Although only five patients achieved an objective(More)
BACKGROUND The four-transmembrane MAL2 protein is frequently overexpressed in breast carcinoma, and MAL2 overexpression is associated with gain of the corresponding locus at chromosome 8q24.12. Independent expression microarray studies predict MAL2 overexpression in ovarian carcinoma, but these had remained unconfirmed. MAL2 binds tumor protein D52 (TPD52),(More)
One hundred and twenty-seven consecutive patients presenting with small cell lung cancer were entered into a whole-brain CT scan surveillance study, starting at presentation and repeating at 3-monthly intervals for 2 years as an alternative to prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI). The aim of the study was to detect CNS metastases at an early asymptomatic(More)
The outcome of 114 patients with tumour-induced hypercalcaemia (TIH) treated between January 1992 and June 1993 with intravenous pamidronate (APD) was retrospectively analysed. The median overall survival was 55 days (range 3 days to > 21 months): 86 days if systemic anti-cancer therapy was available and only 35 days if not (P < 0.001). Survival was also(More)
We investigate the electronic structure and magnetic properties of GdN as a function of unit cell volume. Based on the first-principles calculations of GdN, we observe that there is a transformation in the conduction properties associated with the volume increase: first from half-metallic to semimetallic, then ultimately to semiconducting. We show that(More)