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Volumetric cell densities in 13 different subfields of the temporal lobe were calculated to test various hypotheses about mesial and lateral temporal lobe sclerosis in patients with complex partial epilepsy. In patients benefitting (primary group) from anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL), sclerosis was greater (fewer cells) in anterior than in posterior(More)
The depth ictal electroencephalographic (EEG) propagation sequence accompanying 78 complex partial seizures of mesial temporal origin was reviewed in 24 patients (15 from the University of Pittsburgh Epilepsy Center and 9 from UCLA). All patients were monitored with bilateral mesial frontal and mesial temporal depth electrodes and later received anterior(More)
Pyramidal cell densities in various regions of the anterior and posterior hippocampal formation were measured from en bloc temporal lobe resections and compared with presurgical stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) data derived from depth electrodes in 12 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. These data were compared with cell densities observed in four(More)
Providing bariatric surgery services to an inner-city population is a challenge. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is an effective operation for morbid obesity with a relatively low complication rate. LSG appears to be a suitable alternative procedure for this group of patients. This is a retrospective review and analysis of the experience with 185(More)
Light and electron microscopic analyses were carried out on the stimulated and unstimulated paravermal cortices of six rhesus monkeys that had electrodes implanted on their cerebella for 2 months. The electrodes and the stimulation regime (10 p.p.s.: 8 min on, 8 min off) were similar to those used to stimulate the human cerebellum for treatment of certain(More)
Surface and depth EEG seizure patterns were compared in 34 patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy in whom depth EEG electrodes had been chronically implanted in order to localize epileptogenic sites with a view to surgery. EEG records accompanied by clinical seizures, auras, no behavioral changes, as well as records for which no behavioral(More)
Criteria for anterior temporal lobectomy, performed on seven patients with partial complex seizures, were derived from a battery of fourteen presurgical tests. Seven tests were routine studies aimed at identifying a focus of epileptic excitability, while seven were designed to reveal areas of focal functional deficit. Conflicting information was frequently(More)
Interictal and ictal characteristics of preoperative EEG recordings, derived from limited surface montages, and medial temporal lobe sites, were compared with the results of pathological studies done on resected lobes obtained from 44 patients with complex partial seizures. Pathological material was divided into four groups: (a) sclerosis (mesial temporal(More)
Interictal and ictal EEG characteristics derived from limited surface montages and medial temporal lobe sites were compared with long-term seizure relief following anterior temporal lobectomy in 52 epileptics. Patients were classified into one of four surgical outcome groups, ranging from seizure free to no clinical improvement. For each patient, interictal(More)
Depth spike activity was evaluated from medial temporal lobe sites using computer spike recognition techniques in all-night sleep records derived from 10 patients with medically refractory complex partial seizures. Sleep stages were classified into 1 of 4 groups: wakefulness, REM sleep, light sleep and deep sleep. Some disturbance in the periodicity of the(More)