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BACKGROUND Plasmodium falciparum malaria is a pressing global health problem. A previous study of the malaria vaccine RTS,S (which targets the circumsporozoite protein), given with an adjuvant system (AS02A), showed a 30% rate of protection against clinical malaria in children 1 to 4 years of age. We evaluated the efficacy of RTS,S given with a more(More)
BACKGROUND RTS,S/AS01E is the lead candidate malaria vaccine. We recently showed efficacy against clinical falciparum malaria in 5-17 month old children, during an average of 8 months follow-up. We aimed to assess the efficacy of RTS,S/AS01E during 15 months of follow-up. METHODS Between March, 2007, and October, 2008, we enrolled healthy children aged(More)
The malaria vaccine candidate, RTS,S/AS01(E), showed promising protective efficacy in a trial of Kenyan and Tanzanian children aged 5 to 17 months. Here we report on the vaccine's safety and tolerability. The experimental design was a Phase 2b, two-centre, double-blind (observer- and participant-blind), randomised (1∶1 ratio) controlled trial. Three doses(More)
BACKGROUND Nucleoside analogues are activated to their triphosphates, which compete with endogenous deoxynucleoside triphosphate (dNTP) pools to inhibit HIV reverse transcriptase. Hydroxyurea has been administered with nucleoside analogues to modulate intracellular dNTP pools and thus the ratio of drug triphosphate:endogenous triphosphate. OBJECTIVES To(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) drug resistance in patients receiving abacavir, lamivudine and zidovudine therapy. METHODS In a randomized, double-blind study, 173 antiretroviral treatment-naive HIV-1-infected adults received abacavir/lamivudine/zidovudine or lamivudine/zidovudine for up to 48 weeks. After week 16, patients could(More)
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