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PURPOSE: Colorectal cancer prognosis is currently predicted from pathologic staging, providing limited discrimination for Dukes stage B and C disease. Additional markers for outcome are required to help guide therapy selection for individual patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A multisite single-platform microarray study was done on 553 colorectal cancers. Gene(More)
BACKGROUND No effective therapeutic options for patients with unresectable imatinib-resistant gastrointestinal stromal tumour are available. We did a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre, international trial to assess tolerability and anticancer efficacy of sunitinib, a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in patients with advanced(More)
BACKGROUND Sunitinib, a multitargeted tyrosine-kinase inhibitor, which is approved by both US and European Commission regulatory agencies for clinical use, extends survival of patients with metastatic renal-cell carcinoma and gastrointestinal stromal tumours, but concerns have arisen about its cardiac safety. We therefore assessed the cardiovascular risk(More)
PURPOSE There is an unmet need for noninvasive markers to measure the biological effects of targeted agents, particularly those inhibiting the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor (VEGFR) pathway, and identify patients most likely to benefit from treatment. In this study, we investigated potential blood-based biomarkers for SU11248 (sunitinib(More)
PURPOSE To investigate a new pattern of tumor recurrence observed at imaging in patients with metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) after initial partial response to imatinib mesylate. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ninety-two patients with metastatic GIST who underwent treatment in a clinical trial with oral imatinib mesylate were followed up for 29(More)
BACKGROUND Early indicators of treatment response in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) could conceivably be used to optimize treatment. We explored early changes in circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) levels as a marker of therapeutic efficacy. PATIENTS AND METHODS This prospective study involved 53 mCRC patients receiving standard first-line chemotherapy.(More)
BACKGROUND It is hypothesized that BRAF mutant cancers represent a discrete subset of metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) defined by poorer survival. This study investigates whether BRAF mutant CRC is further defined by a distinct pattern of metastatic spread and explores the impact of BRAF mutation and microsatellite instability (MSI) on prognosis in(More)
PURPOSE While targeted inhibitors of tyrosine kinase activity demonstrate dramatic efficacy in the majority of patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), cure remains elusive and resistance to systemic therapy is a challenge. To assess the role of surgery in multimodality management of GISTs, we studied postoperative outcomes in(More)
BACKGROUND Sunitinib malate is an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor recently approved for the treatment of gastrointestinal stromal tumors and renal cell carcinoma. Because the ret proto-oncogene is also inhibited by this agent, clinical evaluation of thyroid function was performed. OBJECTIVE To describe the prevalence and clinical presentation of thyroid(More)
BRAF(V600E) mutations are found in 10% of colorectal cancers (CRCs). The low frequency of this mutation therefore makes it a challenging target for drug development, unless subsets of patients with higher rates of BRAF(V600E) can be defined. Knowledge of the concordance between primary-metastasis pairs and the impact of BRAF(V600E) on outcome would also(More)