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Nicotine enhances attentional and working memory aspects of executive function in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) where dopamine plays a major role. Here, we have determined the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtypes that can modulate dopamine release in rat PFC using subtype-selective drugs. Nicotine and 5-Iodo-A-85380 (beta2* selective) elicited(More)
In Parkinson's disease, besides the dopaminergic neurodegeneration, locus coeruleus noradrenergic neurons degenerate as well. Noradrenergic neurons have potential anti-parkinsonian, neuromodulatory and neuroprotective properties. Presently, an animal model with dopaminergic lesion has been used as a standard model of Parkinson's disease. The behavioral(More)
The aim of this study was to explore the modulation by alpha7 nicotinic receptors (nAChRs) of dopamine and glutamate release in the rat prefrontal cortex where these receptors are implicated in attentional processes and are therapeutic targets for cognitive deficits. The presence of presynaptic alpha7 nAChRs on glutamate terminals is supported by the(More)
Parkinson's disease is characterized not only by a progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra but also by a degeneration of locus coeruleus noradrenergic neurons. The present study addresses the question of whether a partial neurodegeneration of dopaminergic neurons using 6-hydroxydopamine in rat, not sufficient to produce motor(More)
The effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor enalapril (EPL) (2 and 4 mg/kg), angiotensin (AT) II receptor antagonist losartan (LRN) (5 and 10 mg/kg), and anxiolytic drug diazepam (DZP) (0.5 mg/kg) on anxiety parameters were evaluated in experimentally induced renal hypertensive rats (RHR). Renal hypertension was induced in Wistar strain male(More)
Vigabatrin was designed to increase the levels of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain. It does this by replacing GABA as a substrate for the action of the catabolic enzyme GABA-transaminase. As a result of this inhibition, neuronal GABA levels are elevated, resulting in enhanced endogenous GABA transmission. A number(More)
An intensification of catalepsy has been observed upon repeated testing in rats with permanent neurodegeneration of substantia nigra. Here, the question is addressed whether the rate of development of intensification of catalepsy upon repeated testing in the same context is dependent on dopamine level in the basal ganglia. Rats were lesioned with 2 microg(More)
The present study was designed to evaluate the learning and memory, in an altered physiological state associated with increased blood pressure and activated renin angiotensin system in Wistar rats. The role of angiotensin in cognitive function was assessed by treatment with angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor enalapril (2 mg/kg), angiotensin 1(More)
Felbamate is a novel anticonvulsant which may modulate the strychnine-insensitive glycine site of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor complex. This study examined the effect of felbamate and 5,7-dichlorokynurenic acid on veratridine (20 microM)- and K+ (60 mM)-stimulated release of amino acids in mouse cortical slices. Felbamate significantly decreased(More)
1. Losigamone is a novel anticonvulsant the mechanism of action of which is not known. This study investigated the effect of losigamone on spontaneous, NMDA- and AMPA-induced depolarizations in the cortical wedge preparation of the DBA/2 mouse (which are susceptible to sound-induced seizures) and on endogenous amino acid release from BALB/c mouse cortical(More)