Learn More
The present study sought to identify the presence and degree of apparent underreporting of dietary intake in 11,663 participants in the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II). Self-reported dietary intake was compared with estimated basal metabolic rate. Underreporting was based on cutoff limits that identified plausible levels(More)
Estimates of postcessation weight gain vary widely. This study determined the magnitude of weight gain in a cohort using both point prevalence and continuous abstinence criteria for cessation. Participants were 196 volunteers who participated in a smoking cessation program and who either continuously smoked (n = 118), were continuously abstinent (n = 51),(More)
Recent studies have shown that smokers' intake of caffeine is higher than nonsmokers. This investigation evaluated the relationships between smoking status and self-reported caffeine intake from both coffee and tea. Subjects were adults who participated in the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II). Results indicated that(More)
One of the problems inherent in using women in clinical research is the effect that oral contraceptive (OC) use might have on physical indexes. Although weight gain is frequently reported as a side effect of OC use, there is little empirical evidence that such weight gain actually occurs. The current study investigated differences in energy balance [ie,(More)
This study examined the relationship between smoking status and weight change from baseline to Year 7 in a large biracial cohort, the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study. Unadjusted for covariates, only male smokers weighed less than nonsmokers, with no effect among women. Adjusted for covariates, male and female smokers weighed less than(More)
  • J Ray
  • 2001
Though some anecdotal evidence supports the efficacy of orofacial myofunctional therapy in cerebral palsy and other disorders, controlled studies are very scant. This study was undertaken to examine the efficacy of orofacial myofunctional therapy in sixteen children diagnosed with spastic cerebral palsy. Following baseline measures, all children(More)
  • Jayanti Ray
  • 2002
Various types of orofacial myofunctional disorders co-exist with speech problems in individuals with dysarthria. Controlled studies stating the efficacy of orofacial myofunctional therapy (OMT) in dysarthric individuals are very scant. The present study was undertaken to examine the efficacy of OMT in twelve patients diagnosed with mild to moderate(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to study the effect of modified maintenance doses (MDs) of infliximab on the quality of life (QoL) of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) over a period of 3 years. METHODS Medical records of AS patients (n = 25) who received a normal induction dose but modified MDs as required were retrospectively analyzed. After(More)
The computation of effect sizes is a key feature of meta-analysis. In treatment outcome meta-analyses, the standardized mean difference statistic on posttest scores (d) is usually the effect size statistic used. However, when primary studies do not report the statistics needed to compute d, many methods for estimating d from other data have been developed.(More)