Jayant Nagesh Banavaliker

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SETTING All India Institute of Medical Sciences and Rajan Babu Institute of Pulmonary Medicine and Tuberculosis, New Delhi, India. OBJECTIVE To investigate the association of vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms and serum 25(OH)D with susceptibility to, and response to treatment of, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in comparison with(More)
BACKGROUND India with a major burden of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) does not have national level data on this hazardous disease. Since 2006, emergence of extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) is considered a serious threat to global TB control. This study highlights the demographic and clinical risk factors associated with XDR-TB in Delhi. (More)
Globally only 5-10% of people encountering Mycobacterium tuberculosis have a lifetime risk of active disease indicating a strong host genetic bias towards development of tuberculosis. In the current study we investigated genotype variants pertaining to five cytokine genes namely IFNG, TNFA, IL4, IL10 and IL12 in the north Indian population with active(More)
The present randomized study was conducted in our institute of pulmonary medicine and tuberculosis over a period of 1 year. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) as an adjunctive to thoracic epidural analgesia for the treatment of postoperative pain in patients who underwent posterolateral(More)
Anaesthesiologists and other healthcare workers have been at risk for nosocomial infection with tuberculosis for many years, however the advent of effective infection control techniques and the development of antibiotics for Mycobacterium tuberculosis have decreased the risk of nosocomial infection. The risk of transmission of tuberculosis from patients to(More)
BACKGROUND Tubercular lymphadenitis (TL) is the most common form of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) consisting about 15-20% of all TB cases. The currently available diagnostic modalities for (TL), are invasive and involve a high index of suspicion, having limited accuracy. We hypothesized that TL would have a distinct cytokine signature that would(More)
Prolonged treatment of tuberculosis (TB) often leads to poor compliance, default and relapse, converting primary TB patients into category II TB (Cat IITB) cases, many of whom may convert to multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB). We have evaluated the immunotherapeutic potential of Mycobacterium indicus pranii (MIP) as an adjunct to Anti-Tubercular Treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Multi drug resistant-tuberculosis (MDR-TB) [resistant to Isoniazid and Rifampicin] is a major global public health problem. In India the incidence is rising in spite of implementation of Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program. Standard MDR-TB drugs are second generation antibiotics taken for 24-27 months. The present study was undertaken(More)
The aim of this study was to ascertain the incidence of drug resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from patients in Delhi, India, being treated with DOTS and in private clinics, since a large proportion of patients with tuberculosis in India seek help from private healthcare sectors. Sputum samples were collected from 60 cases of tuberculosis(More)