Jayani C. Pathirana

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BACKGROUND Little information is available about the effect of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) in low-income countries. We measured the effect of these vaccines on invasive pneumococcal disease in The Gambia where the 7-valent vaccine (PCV7) was introduced in August, 2009, followed by the 13-valent vaccine (PCV13) in May, 2011. METHODS We conducted(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure mortality and its risk factors among children discharged from a health centre in rural Gambia. METHODS We conducted a cohort study between 12 May 2008 and 11 May 2012. Children aged 2-59 months, admitted with suspected pneumonia, sepsis, or meningitis after presenting to primary and secondary care facilities, were followed for 180(More)
BACKGROUND  There are limited data on pertussis in African children, including among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-exposed infants. We conducted population-based hospital surveillance to determine the incidence and clinical presentation of Bordetella pertussis-associated hospitalization in perinatal HIV-exposed and -unexposed infants. METHODS (More)
BACKGROUND Maternal immunization is an effective intervention to protect newborns and young infants from infections when their immune response is immature. Tetanus toxoid vaccination of pregnant women is the most widely implemented maternal vaccine in developing countries where neonatal mortality is the highest. We identified barriers to maternal tetanus(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) are used in many low-income countries but their impact on the incidence of pneumonia is unclear. The Gambia introduced PCV7 in August, 2009, and PCV13 in May, 2011. We aimed to measure the impact of the introduction of these vaccines on pneumonia incidence. METHODS We did population-based surveillance and(More)
More than 40% of all deaths in children under 5 years of age occur during the neonatal period: the first month of life. Immunization of pregnant women has proven beneficial to both mother and infant by decreasing morbidity and mortality. With an increasing number of immunization trials being conducted in pregnant women, as well as roll-out of recommended(More)
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