Jayamanthan Chelliah

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The proto-oncogene c-jun encodes a component of the AP-1 transcription-activating complex and has been implicated in the regulation of diverse cellular processes, including cell proliferation, differentiation, transformation, and most recently, apoptosis. We have used a U937 monocytic leukemia cell line stably expressing a c-jun dominant-negative,(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism of delayed preconditioning induced by activation of adenosine A(1) receptors (A(1)ARs) is not fully understood. We determined the role of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in mediating adenosine-induced late cardioprotection using pharmacological inhibitors and iNOS gene-knockout mice. METHODS AND RESULTS Adult male mice were(More)
Competitive reverse transcription-PCR assays developed for human tryptase, chymase, Fc epsilon RI alpha, and Fc epsilon RI gamma mRNA molecules were applied to the HMC-1 leukemic mast cell line, the KU812 leukemic basophil cell line, mast cells dispersed from lung and skin, and peripheral blood basophils. Relative amounts of alpha-tryptase and beta-tryptase(More)
BACKGROUND Heat-shock protein 70 (HSP 70) plays a role in myocardial protection. No studies are available, however, to show that direct gene transfer of HSP 70 reduces myocardial infarction in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS Rabbit hearts were injected with vehicle or Ad.HSP70 at 3 sites (1.5x10(9) pfu, 50 microL/site) in the left ventricle (LV). Four days(More)
Ischemic preconditioning (PC) induces delayed phase of protection, known as the second window of protection (SWOP). We investigated this phenomenon in rat and correlated it with the expression of 72-kDa heat shock protein (HSP 72). Rats were preconditioned with 1, 2, and 3 cycles of 5-min left anterior descending artery occlusions, each separated by a(More)
The transgenic mice overexpressing heat shock protein 72 (HSP72) or antioxidants have been reported to be more resistant to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. However, it remains unknown whether whole body heat stress (HS) which may induce HSP72 or endogenous antioxidants affords similar protection in the mouse heart. Adult male mice were treated with(More)
The anticholinesterase properties of tetrahydroaminoacridine (THA, Tacrine), alpha-tocopheryl hemisuccinate (TS), and cholesteryl hemisuccinate (CS), given alone and in combination, were examined in vitro. Results from these studies indicate that: [1] THA is a potent inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE, IC50 of 0.40 microM) and butyrylcholinesterase(More)
Based upon earlier reports of synergism in cells of lymphoid origin, we have examined interactions between the organotellurium compound AS101 and the protein kinase C (PKC) activator bryostatin 1 with respect to differentiation and Ara-C-induced apoptosis in human myeloid leukemia cells (HL-60). Although preincubation with bryostatin 1 (10 nM) for 24 h(More)
The role of the nuclear phosphoprotein c-Myc has been examined with respect to the regulation of 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C)-induced apoptosis in human leukemia cells exposed to bryostatin 1 and other pharmacologic protein kinase C (PKC) activators. Pretreatment of HL-60 cells for 24 hr with 10 nM bryostatin 1 significantly potentiated the(More)
Sera from patients with primary biliary cirrhosis exhibit variable autoantibody reactivity against mitochondria, the commonest antigen (designated M2) including three structures of approximate M.W. 70, 50 and 40 kD. The nature of these antigens has only recently been established; the 70 and 50 kD are the transacetylase E2 and component X, respectively, of(More)