Jaya Sivaswami Tyagi

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OBJECTIVES To develop simple, rapid, low-cost and robust assays for screening drugs against dormant and actively growing mycobacteria. METHODS Actively growing aerobic and hypoxia-adapted dormant cultures of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium bovis BCG and Mycobacterium smegmatis were tested for susceptibility to standard antimicrobial drugs by(More)
Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is the most devastating form of meningitis and prompt diagnosis holds the key to its management. Conventional microbiology has limited utility and nucleic acid-based methods have not been widely accepted for various reasons. In view of the paucibacillary nature of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the recent demonstration of free(More)
Definitive and rapid diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis is challenging since conventional techniques have limitations. We have developed a universal sample processing (USP) technology for detecting mycobacteria in clinical specimens. In this study, this technology was evaluated blindly on 99 extrapulmonary specimens collected from 87 patients.(More)
Two-component systems play a central role in the adaptation of pathogenic bacteria to the environment prevailing within host tissues. The genes encoding the response regulator DevR (Rv3133c/DosR) and the cytoplasmic portion (DevS(201)) of the histidine kinase DevS (Rv3132c/DosS), a putative two-component system of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, were cloned and(More)
DevR regulon function is believed to be crucial for the survival of Mycobacterium tuberculosis during dormancy. In this study, we undertook a comprehensive analysis of the DevR regulon. All the regulon promoters were assigned to four classes based on the number of DevR binding sites (Dev boxes). A minimum of two boxes are essential for complete interaction(More)
The devR-devS two-component system of Mycobacterium tuberculosis was identified earlier and partially characterized in our laboratory. A devR::kan mutant of M. tuberculosis was constructed by allelic exchange. The devR mutant strain showed reduced cell-to-cell adherence in comparison to the parental strain in laboratory culture media. This phenotype was(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is the most common form of neurotuberculosis and the fifth most common form of extrapulmonary TB. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are the cornerstones of effective disease management. The accurate diagnosis of TBM poses a challenge due to an extensive differential diagnosis, low bacterial load and paucity of(More)
We have transferred DNa to Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells by DNA-mediated transformation. CHO tk- cells were transformed with the clones gene for herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) and were found to have a 50-fold lower frequency of transformation than mouse Ltk- cells at the same DNA dosage. By altering the amount of tk gene and carrier DNA(More)
The importance of inter- and intracellular signal transduction in all forms of life cannot be underestimated. A large number of genes dedicated to cellular signalling are found in almost all sequenced genomes, and Mycobacteria are no exception. What appears to be interesting in Mycobacteria is that well characterized signalling mechanisms used by bacteria,(More)