Jaya Pamidimukkala

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It has been shown that the female sex hormones have a protective role in the development of angiotensin II (ANG II)-induced hypertension. The present study tested the hypotheses that 1) the estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) is involved in the protective effects of estrogen against ANG II-induced hypertension and 2) central ERs are involved. Blood pressure(More)
Incidence of essential hypertension has been reported to be significantly higher in the population afflicted with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). The present studies were under taken in the insulin resistant, Zucker obese rats to evaluate various factors that could lead to the development of high blood pressure. Direct blood pressure(More)
Sex has an important influence on blood pressure (BP) regulation. There is increasing evidence that sex hormones interfere with the renin-angiotensin system. Thus the purpose of this study was to determine whether there are sex differences in the development of ANG II-induced hypertension in conscious male and female mice. We used telemetry implants to(More)
Estrogen facilitates baroreflex heart rate responses evoked by intravenous infusion of ANG II and phenylephrine (PE) in ovariectomized female mice. The present study aims to identify the estrogen receptor subtype involved in mediating these effects of estrogen. Baroreflex responses to PE, ANG II, and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) were tested in intact and(More)
Pamidimukkala, Jaya, and Meredith Hay. 17 -Estradiol inhibits angiotensin II activation of area postrema neurons. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 285: H1515–H1520, 2003. First published June 26, 2003; 10.1152/ajpheart.00174.2003.— It is well established that the area postrema, as a circumventricular organ, is susceptible to modulation by circulating(More)
Synaptic transmission between baroreceptor afferents and the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) is essential for reflex regulation of blood pressure. High frequency stimulation of the afferents in vivo leads to a decrease in synaptic strength and is generally attributed to reduction in presynaptic neurotransmitter release. It has been hypothesized that during(More)
Synaptic transmission between baroreceptor afferents and the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) is known to exhibit frequency-dependent depression. Reductions in neurotransmitter release and alterations in mechanisms regulating synaptic transmission are hypothesized to be involved in the activity-dependent depression observed in baroreceptor afferent neurons.(More)
Obese Zucker rats (OZR) are hyperinsulenemic, hyperglycemic and dyslipidemic and develop salt dependent hypertension. Since salt sensitivity is considered to be due to impaired handling of renal sodium excretion, these studies were conducted in the obese and lean Zucker rats (LZR) anesthetized with Inactin to evaluate renal function under basal conditions(More)
The purpose of this chapter is to review some of the recent progress in the understanding of the cellular and biophysical mechanisms that are involved in the regulation of arterial baroreceptor neurotransmission. Synaptic depression or fatigue following repeated neuronal stimulation has been shown at central baroreceptor synapses in vivo and in vitro. As(More)
This study reports the effects of angiotensin II (ANG II), arginine vasopression (AVP), phenylephrine (PE), and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) on baroreflex control of heart rate in the presence and absence of the area postrema (AP) in conscious mice. In intact, sham-lesioned mice, baroreflex-induced decreases in heart rate due to increases in arterial pressure(More)