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RATIONALE Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta has a central role in driving many of the pathological processes that characterize pulmonary fibrosis. Inhibition of the integrin alpha(v)beta6, a key activator of TGF-beta in lung, is an attractive therapeutic strategy, as it may be possible to inhibit TGF-beta at sites of alpha(v)beta6 up-regulation without(More)
This phase 3 pivotal study evaluated the safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of a recombinant FVIII Fc fusion protein (rFVIIIFc) for prophylaxis, treatment of acute bleeding, and perioperative hemostatic control in 165 previously treated males aged ≥12 years with severe hemophilia A. The study had 3 treatment arms: arm 1, individualized prophylaxis(More)
Interferons (IFNs) are potent, pleiotropic cytokines, and therefore it is likely that the cell has mechanisms to modulate IFN activity in response to excessive or prolonged IFN exposure. To investigate this question, Jurkat T cells were exposed to IFN-beta1a in vitro. The effect of dose and frequency of IFN treatment on receptor expression, the signal(More)
AIM During the early clinical development of a receptor-IgG1 fusion protein (Drug X), a risk based strategy was utilized to evaluate immunogenicity from Phase I through Proof of Concept clinical studies. MATERIALS & METHODS Three different technology platforms, enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay, electrochemiluminescent assay and newly emerging immuno-PCR(More)
BACKGROUND Prophylactic factor replacement in patients with hemophilia B improves outcomes but requires frequent injections. A recombinant factor IX Fc fusion protein (rFIXFc) with a prolonged half-life was developed to reduce the frequency of injections required. METHODS We conducted a phase 3, nonrandomized, open-label study of the safety, efficacy, and(More)
Current factor VIII (FVIII) products display a half-life (t(1/2)) of ∼ 8-12 hours, requiring frequent intravenous injections for prophylaxis and treatment of patients with hemophilia A. rFVIIIFc is a recombinant fusion protein composed of a single molecule of FVIII covalently linked to the Fc domain of human IgG(1) to extend circulating rFVIII t(1/2). This(More)
Meningeal inflammation, including the presence of semi-organized tertiary lymphoid tissue, has been associated with cortical pathology at autopsy in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS). Accessible and robust biochemical markers of cortical inflammation for use in SPMS clinical trials are needed. Increased levels of chemokines in the(More)
The immunogenicity profile of a biotherapeutic is determined by a multitude of product and patient-related risk factors that can influence the observed incidence and clinical consequences of immunogenicity. Pre-existing antibodies, i.e., biotherapeutic-reactive antibodies present in samples from treatment-naïve subjects, have been commonly observed during(More)
Current factor IX (FIX) products display a half-life (t(1/2)) of ∼ 18 hours, requiring frequent intravenous infusions for prophylaxis and treatment in patients with hemophilia B. This open-label, dose-escalation trial in previously treated adult subjects with hemophilia B examined the safety and pharmacokinetics of rFIXFc. rFIXFc is a recombinant fusion(More)
Effective monitoring of the development of neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) against IFN-β in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients on IFN-β therapy is important for clinical decision making and disease management. To date, antiviral assays have been the favored approach for NAb determination, but variations in assay conditions between laboratories and the(More)