Jaya C Besser

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JNK proteins are ubiquitously expressed, evolutionarily conserved MAP kinases that are involved in stress responses. Recently, it was shown that the JNK cascade in Xenopus oocytes exhibits sustained, all-or-none responses to graded, transient stimuli. Here, we have examined the character of the JNK cascade's response in mammalian cells. The steady-state(More)
Current techniques to resolve heart valve defects involve the use of prosthetic and bioprosthetic materials. These materials lack the potential to grow and are not ideal, especially not for pediatric patients. Novel techniques like tissue engineering involve the use of biodegradable polymers coated with autologous myofibroblast and endothelial cells. We(More)
The 12 histidine and four cysteine residues of the Fur repressor of Escherichia coli were changed, respectively, to leucine and serine by site-directed mutagenesis of the fur gene. The affects of these mutations were measured in vivo by ligation of the mutated genes to a wild-type fur promoter followed by measurement of the ability of these plasmids to(More)
Low oxygen levels (hypoxia) play a role in clinical conditions such as stroke, chronic ischemia, and cancer. To better understand these diseases, it is crucial to study the responses of vertebrates to hypoxia. Among vertebrates, some teleosts have developed the ability to adapt to extremely low oxygen levels. We have studied long-term adaptive responses to(More)
We use photothermal microscopy to detect and image individual gold nanoparticles that are either embedded in a polymer film or immobilized in an aqueous environment. Reducing the numerical aperture of the detection optics allows us to achieve a 200-fold-enlarged detection volume while still retaining sufficient detectivity. We characterize the capabilities(More)
The protein product of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) ORF47 is a serine/threonine protein kinase and tegument component. Evaluation of two recombinants of the Oka strain, rOka47DeltaC, with a C-terminal truncation of ORF47, and rOka47D-N, with a point mutation in the conserved kinase motif, showed that ORF47 kinase function was necessary for optimal VZV(More)
Mouse developmental kinase 4 (MDK4), a novel receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK), was identified via degenerate primer screening of mouse embryo cDNA. The mRNA encoding this RTK was found only in skeletal muscle of mouse embryos and the maternal decidua. Northern blot analysis predicted an mRNA transcript size of 6.1 kb. The amino acid sequence is most closely(More)
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is the only human herpes virus for which a vaccine has been licensed. A clinical VZV isolate, designated the parent Oka (pOka) strain was passed in human and non-human fibroblasts to produce vaccine Oka (vOka). The pOka and vOka viruses exhibit similar infectivity in cultured cells but healthy susceptible individuals given(More)
Mammalian CYPHER (Oracle, KIA0613), a member of the PDZ-LIM family of proteins (Enigma/LMP-1, ENH, ZASP/Cypher, RIL, ALP, and CLP-36), has been associated with cardiac and muscular myopathies. Targeted deletion of Cypher in mice is neonatal lethal possibly caused by myopathies. To further investigate the role of cypher in development, we have cloned the(More)