Jay W. Dawson

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This Letter reports results from the MINOS experiment based on its initial exposure to neutrinos from the Fermilab NuMI beam. The rates and energy spectra of charged current nu(mu) interactions are compared in two detectors located along the beam axis at distances of 1 and 735 km. With 1.27 x 10(20) 120 GeV protons incident on the NuMI target, 215 events(More)
We analyze the scalability of diffraction-limited fiber lasers considering thermal, non-linear, damage and pump coupling limits as well as fiber mode field diameter (MFD) restrictions. We derive new general relationships based upon practical considerations. Our analysis shows that if the fiber's MFD could be increased arbitrarily, 36 kW of power could be(More)
We propose and demonstrate amplification of a single high-order mode in an optical fiber having an elongated, ribbon-like core having an effective mode area of area of 600 µm(2) and an aspect ratio of 13:1. When operated as an amplifier, the double-clad, ytterbium doped, photonic crystal fiber produced 50% slope efficiency and a seed-limited power of 10.5(More)
Optical fibers in the ribbon geometry have the potential to reach powers well above the maximum anticipated power of a circular core fiber. In this paper we report the first doped silica high order mode ribbon fiber oscillator, with multimode power above 40 W with 71% slope efficiency and power in a single high order mode above 5 W with 44% slope efficiency.
A rectangular-core (ribbon) fiber that guides and amplifies a single higher-order-mode (HOM) can potentially scale to much higher average powers than what is possible in traditional circular-core large-mode-area fibers. Such an amplifier would require mode-conversion at the input to enable interfacing with seed sources that typically output TEM(00) mode(More)
Ultrafast dynamics in a 1Spm tensile-strained quantum-well optical amplifier has been studied by highly nondegenerate four-wave mixing at detuning frequencies up to 1.7 THz. Frequency response data indicate the presence of two ultrafast physical processes with characteristic relaxation lifetimes of 650 fs and < 100 fs. The longer time constant is believed(More)
A 50 W sub-picosecond fiber chirped pulse amplification system generating 50 muJ pulses at a repetition rate of 1 MHz is demonstrated. As required for precision high speed micro-machining, this system has a practical system configuration enabled by the fiber stretcher and 1780 l/mm dielectric diffraction grating compressor and is capable of ablation rates(More)
Mode conversion from the fundamental to a higher-order mode in a rectangular-core optical fiber is accomplished by applying pressure with the edge of a flat plate. Modal analysis of the near and far field images of the fiber's transmitted beam determines the purity of the converted mode. Mode conversion reaching 75% of the targeted higher-order mode is(More)
We demonstrate increased peak power from an Yb fiber CPA system operating with strong self-phase modulation by shaping the spectral-phase of the input pulses. An adaptive control loop used feedback from the output autocorrelation. We investigated pre-compensation of both SPM phase distortion at high energies, and residual dispersion from mismatched(More)
We demonstrate a delayed self-heterodyne interferometer with a recirculating delay, in which loss is partially compensated by an erbium-doped fiber amplifier. A resolution limit ofr606 Hz is achieved with an 11 km fiber delay line, as compared to 18.2 kHz for the standard single-pass case. The possible effect of spectral broadening due to amplifier noise is(More)