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Healthcare reform is upon the United States (US) healthcare system. Prioritisation of preventative efforts will guide necessary transitions within the US healthcare system. While annual deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) costs have recently been defined at the US national level, annual pulmonary embolism (PE) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) costs have not yet been(More)
BACKGROUND Information on nonsaphenous superficial venous reflux is lacking. This study was designed to determine the prevalence of reflux in nonsaphenous veins, their association and correlation with risk factors, and signs and symptoms of chronic venous disease (CVD). METHODS Information on 835 limbs in patients with signs and symptoms of CVD were(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with end-stage renal disease are at increased risk for sudden cardiac death, although the utility of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) in these patients is unknown. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether end-stage renal disease is an independent risk factor for appropriate ICD therapy for ventricular(More)
INTRODUCTION Non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) and ischemic stroke are collectively associated with annual hospital costs of tens of billions of dollars in the USA. Oral anticoagulant (OAC) treatment with warfarin reduces the risk of stroke in patients with NVAF. Unfortunately, because of the complexity of warfarin therapy and potential for adverse(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effect of age and atherosclerotic risk factors on the carotid intima-media layer thickness and morphology characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS Three groups of subjects were included in the study: Individuals with atherosclerotic risk factors including a family history of CHD, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and/or smoking(More)
PURPOSE To determine if the ACC/ECC guidelines (1991) properly stratify patients according to risk of arrhythmia, defined as a single event on cardiac monitoring, and benefit, defined as a subsequent management change from a recorded telemetry event. SUBJECTS AND METHODS In 2003, a prospective study of 217 consecutive patients admitted to a 24-bed(More)
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