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Three experiments investigated the proposal that inductive inferences about different properties depend on different measures of similarity. In Experiments 1 and 2, Ss were given the premise that a category of animals has some property and judged the probability that another category of animals also has that property. Ss made the strongest inferences when(More)
This paper presents an analysis of the effects of the electrode-to-fiber distance on the temporal response properties of an auditory nerve fiber stimulated by electric current pulses. This analysis was based upon results from a computational model of a mammalian auditory nerve fiber axon having 50 nodes of Ranvier, each consisting of 130 stochastic sodium(More)
We recorded action potentials from single auditory-nerve fibers of cats using monophasic current pulses delivered by a monopolar intracochlear electrode. These simple stimuli provided a means of investigating basic properties and hypotheses of electrical excitation. Standard micropipette recording techniques were used. Responses to anodic (positive) and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the binaural listening advantages for speech in quiet and in noise and to localize sound when independently programmed binaural cochlear implants are used, and to determine whether ears with different hearing ability and duration of profound deafness perform differently with cochlear implants as well as to what extent preimplant(More)
We recorded electrically evoked compound action potentials (EAPs) from guinea pigs and cats using monophasic current pulses delivered by a monopolar intracochlear electrode. By using simple stimuli, we sought results that could shed light on basic excitation properties of the auditory nerve. In these acute experiments, the recording electrode was placed(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate possible binaural listening advantages for speech in quiet, speech in noise, and for localization in a group of postlingually deafened adults with two cochlear implants functioning independently after 3 mo experience. DESIGN Nine postlingually deafened subjects who had received a Cochlear Corporation CI24M implant in each ear were(More)
Charge-balanced, biphasic stimulus pulses are commonly used in implantable cochlear prostheses as they can be safely delivered to living tissue. However, monophasic stimuli are more efficient (i.e. producing lower thresholds) and likely provide more spatially selective excitation of nerve fibers. We examined the neural responses to monophasic,(More)
We describe a novel signal processing strategy for cochlear implants designed to emphasize stochastic independence across the excited neural population. The strategy is based on the observation that high rate pulse trains may produce random spike patterns in auditory nerve fibers that are statistically similar to those produced by spontaneous activity in(More)
Computer simulations of stochastic single-channel open-close kinetics are applied to an N sodium channel model of a node of Ranvier. Up to 32,000 voltage-gated sodium channels have been simulated with modified amphibian sodium channel kinetics. Poststimulus time histograms are obtained with 1000 monophasic pulse stimuli, and measurements are made of changes(More)