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Microsatellite instability is a frequent (13%-24%) finding in sporadic endometrial adenocarcinoma and its precursor lesions, but most studies are limited to patients who already have malignant or premalignant endometrial disease. We performed retrospective testing for microsatellite instability in women in whom cancers showing microsatellite instability(More)
BACKGROUND PTEN tumor suppressor gene mutations are the most frequent genetic lesions in endometrial adenocarcinomas of the endometrioid subtype. Testing the hypothesis that altered PTEN function precedes the appearance of endometrial adenocarcinoma has been difficult, however, partly because of uncertainties in precancer diagnosis. METHODS Two series of(More)
OBJECTIVE Endometrioid endometrial carcinoma is caused by a combination of mutational events and hormonal factors. We used large-scale messenger RNA expression analysis to discover genes that distinguish neoplastic transformation and examine the patterns of tumor expression of those genes which are normally regulated during the menstrual cycle. METHODS(More)
Frequent mutation of the PTEN tumor suppressor gene in endometrial adenocarcinoma has led to the prediction that its product, a phosphatase that regulates the cell cycle, apoptosis, and possibly cell adhesion, is functionally active within normal endometrial tissues. We examined PTEN expression in normal human endometrium during response to changing(More)
The ability to incorporate atypical primer units through the use of dedicated initiation polyketide synthase (PKS) modules offers opportunities to expand the molecular diversity of polyketide natural products. Here we identify the initiation PKS module responsible for hexadienyl priming of the antibiotic fredericamycin and investigate its biochemical(More)
OBJECTIVES Development of genetic heterogeneity is one mechanism whereby tumors may acquire increasing aggressiveness during neoplastic progression. In this study we relate development of intratumoral genetic heterogeneity to invasion and metastatic spread of sporadic endometrioid (type I) endometrial adenocarcinomas. METHODS Microsatellite unstable(More)
A-74528 is a C30 polyketide natural product that functions as an inhibitor of 2',5'-oligoadenylate phosphodiesterase (2'-PDE), a key regulatory enzyme of the interferon pathway. Modulation of 2'-PDE represents a unique therapeutic approach for regulating viral infections. The gene cluster responsible for biosynthesis of A-74528 yields minute amounts of this(More)
The polyketide antibiotic frenolicin B harbors a biosynthetically intriguing benzoisochromanequinone core, and has been shown to exhibit promising antiparasitic activity against Eimeria tenella. To facilitate further exploration of its chemistry and biology, we constructed a biosynthetic route to frenolicin B in the heterologous host Streptomyces coelicolor(More)
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