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Converging lines of evidence implicate the beta-amyloid peptide (Ass) as causative in Alzheimer's disease. We describe a novel class of compounds that reduce A beta production by functionally inhibiting gamma-secretase, the activity responsible for the carboxy-terminal cleavage required for A beta production. These molecules are active in both 293 HEK cells(More)
A synthetic polyanion has been found to modulate the properties of the mitochondrial outer membrane channel, VDAC. This 10 kDa polyanion, first synthesized and described by Konig and co-workers, is a 1:2:3 copolymer of methacrylate, maleate, and styrene. It had been shown to interfere with the access of metabolites to the mitochondrial inner spaces. Here we(More)
It is known that the thymocyte surface antigen GIX is found in some strains of mice and not others, and that its expression in mice of strain 129, in which most extensive genetic studies have been made, is controlled by two unlinked cellular chromosomal loci. We have now isolated a protein with a mol wt of approximately 70,000 daltons from the surface of(More)
The GIX antigen expressed on the thymocytes of GIX+ mice is a type-specific constituent of glycoprotein gp70, which forms the major envelope component of murine leukemia virus. In the prototype GIX+ mouse strain 129, this glycoprotein is a Mendelian character expressed independently of virus production. In the intact thymocyte plasma membrane, part of this(More)
The family of glycoproteins called gp70 includes molecules that are the main constituent of murine C-type viral envelopes, and some that are expressed as mendelian constituents of thymocyte plasma membranes in the absence of virions. To investigate further the relation of viral gp70s to plasma- membrane gp70s we compared peptide maps of gp70s derived by(More)
Three variants of the gp70 envelope component of MuLV are now recognizable serologically: GIX-gp70, 0-gp70, and X-gp70. The last of these, X-gp70, has so far been found only in mice or cells producing abundant C-type virus. This distinguishes X-gp70, provisionally, from the GIX-gp70 and 0-gp70 variants, each of which can be expressed on normal thymocytes(More)
A polypeptide of molecular weight approximately 75,000 daltons, p(75), was identified on the surface of AKR spontaneous leukemia cells by lactoperoxidase-catalyzed radio-iodination. This protein was shown by immunoprecipitation to have antigenic determinants of MuLV p30, p15, and p10, but not gp70, suggesting that p(75) represents a polyprotein composed of(More)
Biochemical study of thymus leukemia antigen (TL) from thymocytes of various Tla genotypes and from leukemia cells revealed features that, given present evidence, are peculiar to TL among class I products of the H-2:Qa:Tla region of chromosome 17. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of TL from thymocytes of all TL+ mouse(More)
Multiple sclerosis is caused by an autoimmune response resulting in demyelination and neural degeneration. The adult central nervous system has the capacity to remyelinate axons in part through the generation of new oligodendrocytes (OLs). To identify clinical candidate compounds that may promote remyelination, we have developed a high throughput screening(More)
Newly proliferated oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) migrate and surround lesions of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and other demyelinating diseases, but fail to differentiate into oligodendrocytes (OLs) and remyelinate remaining viable axons. The abundance of secreted inflammatory factors within and surrounding these lesions likely plays a(More)