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Male rats demonstrate persistent endothelium-dependent attenuation of vasoconstrictor reactivity following chronic hypoxia (CH). Since estrogen may interfere with hypoxia-induced gene expression, we hypothesized that gender differences exist in this response to CH. However, in conscious, instrumented rats, we found that CH resulted in a similar persistent(More)
Chronic hypoxia is associated with both blunted agonist-induced and myogenic vascular reactivity and is possibly due to an enhanced production of heme oxygenase (HO)-derived carbon monoxide (CO). However, the mechanism of endogenous CO-meditated vasodilation remains unclear. Isolated pressurized mesenteric arterioles from chronically hypoxic rats were(More)
Obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and hypertension are components of the pathophysiological state known as metabolic syndrome. Adrenergic vasoconstriction is mediated through increases in cytosolic Ca2+ and the myofilaments' sensitivity to Ca2+. In many pathophysiological states, there is an enhanced role for Rho kinase (ROK)-mediated increases in(More)
To test the hypothesis that vasodilation occurs because of the release of a vasoactive substance after a brief muscle contraction and to determine whether acetylcholine spillover from the motor nerve is involved in contraction-induced hyperemia, tetanic muscle contractions were produced by sciatic nerve stimulation in anesthetized dogs (n = 16),(More)
Attenuation of sympathetic vasoconstriction (sympatholysis) in working muscles during dynamic exercise is controversial. A potential mechanism is a reduction in alpha-adrenergic-receptor responsiveness. The purpose of this study was to examine alpha(1)- and alpha(2)-adrenergic-receptor-mediated vasoconstriction in resting and exercising skeletal muscle(More)
We have previously shown that hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) reduces myogenic tone and causes relaxation of phenylephrine (PE)-constricted mesenteric arteries. This effect of H₂S to cause vasodilation and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) hyperpolarization was mediated by large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated potassium channels (BKCa). Ca(2+) sparks are ryanodine(More)
Chronic hypoxia (CH) is associated with both blunted agonist-induced and myogenic vascular reactivity, possibly due to an enhanced production of heme oxygenase (HO)-derived carbon monoxide (CO). However, the cellular location of the HO responsible for these effects has not been clearly established. Therefore, we examined the response to administration of(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that exercise training improves microvascular function in obese Zucker rats, a model of obesity and type II diabetes. Animals were divided into four age-matched groups: lean sedentary (LS), lean exercise (LE), obese sedentary (OS), and obese exercise (OE). The exercise groups were treadmill-exercised from(More)
These experiments tested the hypothesis that elevating muscle blood flow before exercise would wash out vasoactive substances produced by muscle contraction and reduce the magnitude of exercise hyperemia and/or delay the response. In chronically instrumented dogs (n = 7), hindlimb blood flow was measured with chronically implanted flow probes during mild(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) has been proposed to attenuate the vasoconstrictor response to local hypoxia that contributes to pulmonary hypertension. However, the segmental response to CO, as well as its mechanism of action in the pulmonary circulation, has not been fully defined. To investigate the hemodynamic response to exogenous CO, lungs from male(More)