Jay R. Laver

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Macrophages produce nitric oxide (NO) via the inducible nitric oxide synthase as part of a successful response to infection. The gene norB of Neisseria meningitidis encodes a NO reductase which enables utilization and consumption of NO during microaerobic respiration and confers resistance to nitrosative stress-related killing by human monocyte-derived(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has a broad spectrum of signalling and regulatory functions and multiple molecular targets. Recently, the intrabacterial toxicity of NO and mechanisms for NO resistance have been intensively investigated. Here we report for the first time that NO elicits release of zinc from a bacterial protein. Using the zinc-responsive expression of zntA(More)
S-nitrosylation is an important mediator of multiple nitric oxide-dependent biological processes, including eukaryotic cellular events such as macrophage apoptosis and proinflammatory signaling. Many pathogenic bacteria possess NO detoxification mechanisms, such as the nitric oxide reductase (NorB) of Neisseria meningitidis and the flavohemoglobins (Hmp) of(More)
Description: The critically acclaimed laboratory standard for more than forty years, Methods in Enzymology is one of the most highly respected publications in the field of biochemistry. Since 1955, each volume has been eagerly awaited, frequently consulted, and praised by researchers and reviewers alike. Now with over 400 volumes (all of them still in(More)
The exclusive reservoir of the genus Neisseria is the human. Of the broad range of species that comprise the Neisseria, only two are frequently pathogenic, and only one of those is a resident of the nasopharynx. Although Neisseria meningitidis can cause severe disease if it invades the bloodstream, the vast majority of interactions between humans and(More)
SIGNIFICANCE The formation and degradation of S-nitrosothiols (SNOs) are important mechanisms of post-translational protein modification and appear to be ubiquitous in biology. These processes play well-characterized roles in eukaryotic cells, including a variety of pathologies and in relation to chronic conditions. We know little of the roles of these(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a ubiquitous gas with potent biological effects, including vasodilation, neuronal signaling, and antimicrobial activity. NO is a free radical and can readily react with other molecules, in particular, iron centers and oxygen. At physiological concentrations in aqueous solutions, even in the presence of oxygen, NO is reasonably stable.(More)
The nmb1612 (NEIS1533) gene encoding the ~27-kDa putative amino acid ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter, periplasmic substrate-binding protein from Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B (MenB) strain MC58 was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli, and the purified recombinant (r)NMB1612 was used for animal immunization studies. Immunization of mice with(More)
The bronchial epithelium provides protection against pathogens from the inhaled environment through the formation of a highly-regulated barrier. In order to understand the pulmonary diseases melioidosis and tularemia caused by Burkholderia thailandensis and Fransicella tularensis, respectively, the barrier function of the human bronchial epithelium were(More)
Non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is an opportunistic pathogen that plays a major role in a number of respiratory tract infections, including otitis media, cystic fibrosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Biofilm formation has been implicated in both NTHi colonization and disease, and is responsible for the increased tolerance of this(More)