Jay R. Black

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Magnesium is an essential nutrient, which activates more enzymes than any other mineral element and, thus, plays an important role in biogeochemical cycles. With three stable isotopes naturally abundant (24Mg, 78.992%; 25Mg, 10.003%; 26Mg, 11.005%), magnesium stable isotope fractionation may provide insights into these cycles. Here, we detail for the first(More)
Oxygen-isotope-exchange rates were measured between sites in the Lindqvist-type [H(x)()Nb(6)O(19)](8)(-)(x)()((aq)) polyoxoanion and aqueous solution as a function of pH and temperature. The ion has a central mu(6)-O that is inert to exchange, 12 mu(2)-O(H), and 6 eta-O. The potassium salt of this ion is recrystallized in (17)O-enriched water to (17)O-label(More)
Transition metal stable isotope signatures can be useful for tracing both natural and anthropogenic signals in the environment, but only if the mechanisms responsible for fractionation are understood. To investigate isotope fractionations due to electrochemistry (or redox processes), we examine the stable isotope behavior of iron and zinc during the(More)
Review of a small group of cases in which the Mauck technique or a modification of it was used indicated that they were satisfactory solutions for many of the problems associated with reconstruction of the collateral ligaments of the knee. However, reconstruction of the collateral ligaments does not completely compensate for the lack of cruciate ligaments(More)
Efficient reduction of CCl4 took place upon exposure to 350-nm photons of aqueous solutions containing sulfonated poly(ether etherketone) (SPEEK) as a sensitizer and either poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) or HCO2H/HCO2- buffer. The photoreaction formed chloride ions whose concentration increased linearly with time in solutions free of O2, whereas slower(More)
A large electrochemical isotopic effect is observed upon the electrodeposition of lithium from solutions of propylene carbonate producing isotopically light metal deposits. The magnitude of fractionation is controlled by the applied overpotential and is largest close to equilibrium. Calculated partition function ratios for tetrahedrally coordinated lithium(More)
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