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There is an urgent need to validate in vitro human skin models for use in safety testing. An important component of validation is characterizing the metabolizing capacity of these models. We report comparison of the expression of 139 genes encoding xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes in the EpiDerm model and human skin. In microarray analysis, the expression of(More)
The bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are a group of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta)-related factors whose only receptor identified to date is the product of the daf-4 gene from Caenorhabditis elegans. Mouse embryonic NIH 3T3 fibroblasts display high-affinity 125I-BMP-4 binding sites. Binding assays are not possible with the isoform 125I-BMP-2(More)
The profound effects of 17beta-estradiol on cell growth, differentiation, and general homeostasis of the reproductive and other systems, are mediated mostly by regulation of temporal and cell type-specific expression of different genes. In order to understand better the molecular events associated with the activation of the estrogen receptor (ER), we have(More)
Exposure to some compounds with estrogenic activity, during fetal development, has been shown to alter development of reproductive organs, leading to abnormal function and disease either after birth or during adulthood. In order to understand the molecular events associated with the estrogenicity of different chemicals and to determine whether common sets(More)
During the safety evaluation process of new drugs and chemicals, a battery of genotoxicity tests is conducted starting with in vitro genotoxicity assays. Obtaining positive results in in vitro genotoxicity tests is not uncommon. Follow-up studies to determine the biological relevance of positive genotoxicity results are costly, time consuming, and utilize(More)
BACKGROUND In a previous study, we determined the effects of 17-alpha-ethynyl estradiol (EE) on gene expression using microarrays that represented approximately 9,000 genes, which was the state of-the-art. Higher content arrays with almost double the number of genes have since become available. In order to better determine whether common sets of gene(More)
When small biological samples are collected by microdissection or other methods, amplification techniques are required to provide sufficient target for hybridization to expression arrays. One such technique is to perform two successive rounds of T7-based in vitro transcription. However the use of random primers, required to regenerate cDNA from the first(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine (1) the transcriptional program elicited by exposure to three estrogen receptor (ER) agonists: 17 alpha-ethynyl estradiol (EE), genistein (Ges), and bisphenol A (BPA) during fetal development of the rat testis and epididymis; and (2) whether very low dosages of estrogens (evaluated over five orders of magnitude of(More)
RATIONALE Human rhinovirus infections cause colds and trigger exacerbations of lower airway diseases. OBJECTIVES To define changes in gene expression profiles during in vivo rhinovirus infections. METHODS Nasal epithelial scrapings were obtained before and during experimental rhinovirus infection, and gene expression was evaluated by microarray.(More)
PDGF has been implicated as one of the principal mitogens involved in cutaneous wound healing. While it has been previously reported that both platelets and monocytes are a source of PDGF in human dermal wound repair, the production of PDGF by human keratinocytes has not yet been described. In this manuscript, we report the production of PDGF by cultured(More)