Jay P. McLaughlin

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Previous studies have demonstrated that stress may increase prodynorphin gene expression, and kappa opioid agonists suppress drug reward. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that stress-induced release of endogenous dynorphin may mediate behavioral responses to stress and oppose the rewarding effects of cocaine. C57Bl/6 mice subjected to repeated forced(More)
Exposure to inescapable stressors increases both the rewarding properties and self-administration of cocaine through the signaling of the kappa-opioid receptor (KOR), but the effect of this signaling on other reinforcing agents remains unclear. The objective of this study is to test the hypothesis that signaling of the KOR mediates the forced swim stress(More)
Repeated forced-swim stress (FSS) produced analgesia, immobility and potentiation of cocaine-conditioned place preference (CPP) in wild-type C57Bl/6 mice, but not in littermates lacking the kappa opioid receptor (KOR) gene. These results were surprising because kappa agonists are known to produce conditioned place aversion and to suppress cocaine-CPP when(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that repeated forced-swim stress-induced behaviors (including analgesia, immobility, and increased drug reward) were mediated by the release of endogenous prodynorphin-derived opioid peptides and subsequent activation of the kappa opioid receptor (KOR). We tested the generality of these effects using a different type of(More)
Release of endogenous dynorphin opioids within the spinal cord after partial sciatic nerve ligation (pSNL) is known to contribute to the neuropathic pain processes. Using a phosphoselective antibody [kappa opioid receptor (KOR-P)] able to detect the serine 369 phosphorylated form of the KOR, we determined possible sites of dynorphin action within the spinal(More)
Morphine and other micro opioids regulate a number of intracellular signaling pathways, including the one mediated by phospholipase C (PLC). By studying PLC beta3-deficient mice, we have established a strong link between PLC and mu opioid-mediated responses at both the behavioral and cellular levels. Mice lacking PLC beta3, when compared with the wild type,(More)
Stress contributes to the reinstatement of cocaine-seeking behavior in abstinent subjects. Kappa-opioid receptor antagonists attenuate the behavioral effects of stress, potentially providing therapeutic value in treating cocaine abuse. Presently, the peptide arodyn produced long-lasting kappa-opioid receptor antagonism, suppressing kappa-opioid receptor(More)
G-protein receptor kinase and beta-arrestin mediated desensitization of the rat kappa-opioid receptor (KOR) was previously shown using Xenopus oocyte expression to require serine 369 within the C terminus of KOR. To define the effects of phosphorylation of this residue in desensitization and internalization processes in mammalian expression systems,(More)
2-Methyl-N-((2'-(pyrrolidin-1-ylsulfonyl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl)propan-1-amine (PF-04455242) is a novel κ-opioid receptor (KOR) antagonist with high affinity for human (3 nM), rat (21 nM), and mouse (22 nM) KOR, a ∼ 20-fold reduced affinity for human μ-opioid receptors (MORs; K(i) = 64 nM), and negligible affinity for δ-opioid receptors (K(i) > 4 μM).(More)
HIV-Tat protein has been implicated in the pathogenesis of HIV-1 neurological complications (i.e., neuroAIDS), but direct demonstrations of the effects of Tat on behavior are limited. GT-tg mice with a doxycycline (Dox)-inducible and brain-selective tat gene coding for Tat protein were used to test the hypothesis that the activity of Tat in brain is(More)