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Particle shape and size determine the physicochemical and optoelectronic properties of nanoscale materials, including optical absorption, fluorescence, and electric and magnetic moments. It is thus desirable to be able to synthesize and separate various particle shapes and sizes. Biosynthesis using microorganisms has emerged as a more ecologically friendly,(More)
Radiation therapy is one of the most commonly used treatments for cancer. The dose of delivered ionizing radiation can be amplified by the presence of high-Z materials via an enhancement of the photoelectric effect; the most widely studied material is gold (atomic number 79). However, a large amount is needed to obtain a significant dose enhancement,(More)
Biological systems contain biochemical control networks that reside within a remarkable spatial structure. We present a theoretical study of a biological system in which two chemically coupled species, an activating species and an inhibiting species forming a negative feedback, are synthesized at unique sites and interact with each other through diffusion.(More)
CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) conjugated to biomolecules that quench their fluorescence, particularly dopamine, have particular spectral properties that allow determination of the number of conjugates per particle, namely, photoenhancement and photobleaching. In this work, we quantify these properties on a single-particle and ensemble basis in order to(More)
Recent advances in digital technologies, such as high-speed computers and large-format digital imagers, have led to a burgeoning interest in the science and engineering of digital holographic microscopy (DHM). Here we report on a novel off-axis DHM, based on a twin-beam optical design, which avoids the limitations of prior systems, and provides many(More)
Carboxylate-terminated and dopamine-conjugated CdSe-ZnS quantum dots (QDs) are imaged in living fibroblasts using fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy. Changes in lifetime are observed as the QDs are processed in the cells, and are consistent with lifetime measurements in bulk solution using buffers compositions that correspond to different cellular(More)
Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) has been used to image free and encapsulated doxorubicin (Dox) uptake into cells, since interaction of Dox with DNA leads to a characteristic lifetime change. However, none of the reported Dox conjugates were able to enter cell nuclei. In this work, we use FLIM to show nuclear uptake of 2.7 nm mean diameter Au(More)