Jay M Baraban

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Recent studies in invertebrates indicate that a rapid genomic response to neuronal stimulation has a critical role in long-term changes in synaptic efficacy. Because several of the genes (immediately early genes; IEGs) that respond rapidly to growth factor stimulation of vertebrate cells in vitro are also activated by neuronal stimulation in vivo, attention(More)
The aquaporins transport water through membranes of numerous tissues, but the molecular mechanisms for sensing changes in extracellular osmolality and regulating water balance in brain are unknown. We have isolated a brain aquaporin by homology cloning. Like aquaporin 1 (AQP1, also known as CHIP, channel-forming integral membrane protein of 28 kDa), the(More)
Synaptic spines are dynamic structures that regulate neuronal responsiveness and plasticity. We examined the role of the schizophrenia risk factor DISC1 in the maintenance of spine morphology and function. We found that DISC1 anchored Kalirin-7 (Kal-7), regulating access of Kal-7 to Rac1 and controlling the duration and intensity of Rac1 activation in(More)
Mutations of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor gene have been linked to familial polyposis, an inherited predisposition to colon cancer, and a high percentage of sporadic colon adenomas. Although this gene is best known for its role in development of bowel neoplasms, in recent studies we have found that APC mRNA levels are greatly(More)
Glutamate-induced glutathione depletion in immature embryonic cortical neurons has been shown to lead to oxidative stress and cell death. We have used this in vitro model to investigate the mechanism(s) by which free radicals induce neuronal degeneration. We find that glutathione depletion leads to hyper-condensation and fragmentation of chromatin into(More)
Recent studies suggest a role for rapid induction of transcription factors in stimulus-induced neuronal plasticity in the mammalian brain. Synaptic activation of transcription factors has been analyzed in the hippocampus using the long-term potentiation or enhancement (LTP/LTE) paradigm. Using this approach, several studies have identified transcription(More)
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate is a second messenger of the phosphoinositide system which can mobilize calcium from intracellular stores. Rat cerebellum is an abundant source of a receptor for inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Worley, P. F., Baraban, J. M., Supattapone, S., Wilson, V. S., and Snyder, S. H. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 12132-12136). In this study we(More)
The firing pattern displayed by neuronal aggregates is thought to play a key role in cortical development and physiology. In this study, we have employed optical recording of intracellular calcium to monitor activity of multiple neurons simultaneously in primary cortical cultures. With this approach, we have observed spontaneous synchronous calcium(More)
In this study, noradrenergic (NE) terminals in the dorsal raphe were identified by [3H]NE electron microscopic (EM) autoradiography. Lesioning of NE terminals by treatment with the selective catecholamine neurotoxin, 6-hydroxydopamine produced a marked decrease in NE-labelled terminals. [3H]5-HT EM autoradiography of the dorsal raphe produced labelling of(More)