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BACKGROUND This is the 32nd Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers' (AAPCC) National Poison Data System (NPDS). As of 1 January 2014, 56 of the nation's poison centers (PCs) uploaded case data automatically to NPDS. The upload interval was 7.82 [7.02, 11.17] (median [25%, 75%]) minutes, creating a near real-time national(More)
CONTEXT Envenomation by the Eastern coral snake is rare but may be associated with significant morbidity. While effective, acquisition of North American Coral Snake Antivenin (NACSAV) is difficult because production was discontinued for many years. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to characterize coral snake exposures in Florida and determine the(More)
Four patients presented to the emergency department with acute dystonic reactions 36 hours after the ingestion of "Valium tablets" they purchased on the street. Complete reversal of the symptomatology was achieved with the use of intramuscular diphenhydramine. The pathophysiology, epidemiology, and treatment principles for dystonic reactions are discussed.
OBJECTIVE Every year, toxic exposures kill 1200 Americans. To aid in the timely diagnosis and treatment of such exposures, this research investigates the feasibility of a knowledge-based system capable of generating differential diagnoses for human exposures involving unknown toxins. METHODS Data mining techniques automatically extract prior probabilities(More)
Significant toxicity can result from intentional methanol inhalation. We report seven cases, involving four patients, of intentional inhalation of CARB-MEDIC carburetor cleaner containing toluene (43.8%), methanol (23.2%), methylene chloride (20.5%), and propane (12.5%). Patients arrived at the emergency department with central nervous system depression,(More)
BACKGROUND Urinary alkalinization and multiple-dose activated charcoal are modalities advocated for the enhancement of phenobarbital elimination in poisoned patients. However, no studies exist comparing the efficacy of these two means of elimination enhancement. We compared their effects on the pharmacokinetic disposition of intravenously administered(More)
INTRODUCTION This is the 33rd Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers' (AAPCC) National Poison Data System (NPDS). As of 1 January 2015, 55 of the nation's poison centers (PCs) uploaded case data automatically to NPDS. The upload interval was 9.52 [7.40, 13.6] (median [25%, 75%]) minutes, creating a near real-time national(More)
Although the acute ingestion of iron-containing preparations can produce very serious consequences, the majority of reported exposures are not associated with significant morbidity or mortality. We present 3 cases of acute iron ingestion and review the aspects of general management, with an emphasis on the appropriate choice of a gastrointestinal(More)
A highly sophisticated network of poison information centers exists in Florida, one each in the northern, central and southern regions of the state. These 24-hour-a-day centers are staffed by nurses and pharmacists who provide assessment, triage and management advice about a wide range of exposures. Toxicologists are available when in-depth consultation is(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper presents continued research toward the development of a knowledge-based system for the diagnosis of human toxic exposures. In particular, this research focuses on the challenging task of diagnosing exposures to multiple toxins. Although only 10% of toxic exposures in the United States involve multiple toxins, multiple exposures account(More)