Jay L. E. Ellingson

Learn More
Cattle with Johne's disease can shed live Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in their milk, and MAP can survive under simulated commercial pasteurization conditions. In several studies conducted in the United Kingdom and Canada, MAP DNA has been detected in retail pasteurized milk samples; however, in one study in the United Kingdom viable(More)
Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is the etiologic agent of Johne's disease in cattle. The disease causes diarrhea, reduced milk production, poor reproductivity, emaciation, and eventually death. Culture on Herrold's egg yolk agar is considered to be the definitive test for diagnosis of Johne's in cattle. This method has moderate sensitivity(More)
Bacterial culture is the 'gold standard' for detecting Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) infection, but is time consuming, laborious, and recovery of organism varies with species of animal tested. PCR has been used for detection of MAP DNA in feces and tissues. We used PCR to detect MAP DNA isolated from tissues from 25 free-ranging(More)
A PCR procedure previously developed for identification of Mycobacterium bovis in formalin-fixed tissues was used to identify mycobacteria of the M. avium complex. Tissues were examined from 100 culture-positive cases of M. avium complex infection, including 86 in which the subspecies was not identified and 14 that had been identified as M. avium subsp.(More)
Extensive DNA rearrangement occurs during the development of the somatic macronucleus from the germ line micronucleus in ciliated protozoans. The micronuclear junctions and the macronuclear product of a developmentally regulated DNA rearrangement in Tetrahymena thermophila, Tlr1, have been cloned. The intrachromosomal rearrangement joins sequences that are(More)
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (M. paratuberculosis) is the etiologic agent of paratuberculosis (Johne's disease), a chronic granulomatous enteritis in ruminants. Currently, there is a need for improved diagnostic tests because of the lack of methods for accurate, rapid and reliable detection of M. paratuberculosis infection. A M.(More)
Although Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7 is a major cause of foodborne illness, other types of E. coli can also cause illness. E. coli that possess the eae gene for attachment and effacing have the potential to cause disease. Many real-time, molecular-based assays have been developed to detect Enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) including E. coli O157:H7.(More)
The ability of decreasing inocula of Borrelia burgdorferi to grow in otherwise identical Barbour-Stoenner-Kelly (BSK) media containing different lots of bovine serum albumin (fraction V) was determined. These media differed significantly in ability to detect B. burgdorferi. Some BSK media required inocula of 2 x 10(5) organisms per ml for detection, while(More)
Rapid pathogen testing is vital to the food industry. Enzyme immunoassays (EIA) provide reliable negative results in 48 h, but a presumptive positive (suspect) EIA result must be confirmed by traditional culture methods, requiring an additional 72 h. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing technology is accepted as an accurate diagnostic tool. However,(More)
Research has been focused on the detection of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) in pasteurized milk; however, pasteurized milk is a key ingredient in a variety of food products. Therefore, MAP contamination in milk-derived products must be investigated. We undertook a six-month study to investigate the presence of viable MAP and MAP(More)