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Cattle with Johne's disease can shed live Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in their milk, and MAP can survive under simulated commercial pasteurization conditions. In several studies conducted in the United Kingdom and Canada, MAP DNA has been detected in retail pasteurized milk samples; however, in one study in the United Kingdom viable(More)
Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is the etiologic agent of Johne's disease in cattle. The disease causes diarrhea, reduced milk production, poor reproductivity, emaciation, and eventually death. Culture on Herrold's egg yolk agar is considered to be the definitive test for diagnosis of Johne's in cattle. This method has moderate sensitivity(More)
The ability of decreasing inocula of Borrelia burgdorferi to grow in otherwise identical Barbour-Stoenner-Kelly (BSK) media containing different lots of bovine serum albumin (fraction V) was determined. These media differed significantly in ability to detect B. burgdorferi. Some BSK media required inocula of 2 x 10(5) organisms per ml for detection, while(More)
Extensive DNA rearrangement occurs during the development of the somatic macronucleus from the germ line micronucleus in ciliated protozoans. The micronuclear junctions and the macronuclear product of a developmentally regulated DNA rearrangement in Tetrahymena thermophila, Tlr1, have been cloned. The intrachromosomal rearrangement joins sequences that are(More)
Research has been focused on the detection of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) in pasteurized milk; however, pasteurized milk is a key ingredient in a variety of food products. Therefore, MAP contamination in milk-derived products must be investigated. We undertook a six-month study to investigate the presence of viable MAP and MAP(More)
Rapid pathogen testing is vital to the food industry. Enzyme immunoassays (EIA) provide reliable negative results in 48 h, but a presumptive positive (suspect) EIA result must be confirmed by traditional culture methods, requiring an additional 72 h. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing technology is accepted as an accurate diagnostic tool. However,(More)
BACKGROUND Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) has been suspected of involvement in Crohn's disease (CD). We investigated this potential association by testing whole blood from CD patients and healthy controls for the presence of MAP by culture and molecular methods. In addition, each blood sample was analyzed for polymorphisms in the(More)
This study documents the first reported transmission of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium definitive type 104 (DT104) to premature fraternal twins via their mother's breast milk. When premature twin neonates developed severe enteritis in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), stool samples and the mother's breast milk were cultured for the presence(More)
BACKGROUND Crohn's disease is a chronic human intestinal inflammatory disorder for which an etiologic agent has not been identified. Johne's disease is a similar chronic enteric granulomatous disease of ruminant species and has been used as a model of Crohn's disease. Johne's disease has been proven to be caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies(More)
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (M. paratuberculosis) is the etiologic agent of paratuberculosis (Johne's disease), a chronic granulomatous enteritis in ruminants. Currently, there is a need for improved diagnostic tests because of the lack of methods for accurate, rapid and reliable detection of M. paratuberculosis infection. A M.(More)