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INTRODUCTION Radical nephroureterectomy with an ipsilateral bladder cuff is the referent standard for management of muscle-invasive, high-grade, or bulky upper-tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). Nonetheless, certain patients with UTUC have imperative or elective indications for kidney preservation thereby lending to more conservative strategies for… (More)
AIM To investigate the natural history and rationalize follow-up of renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs). MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospectively gathered radiology database was scrutinized to identify patients with renal AMLs over a 3 year period (January 2006 to December 2008). Radiological investigations were examined to identify those AMLs exhibiting change… (More)
Chronic prostatitis remains a difficult management problem, which reflects the fact that its aetiology remains incompletely understood. It is a common condition that is characterized by protracted symptoms and high morbidity. Although lacking a reliable diagnostic test, antibiotic therapy remains the mainstay of treatment in the majority of cases.