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We have implemented an unbiased cell morphology-based screen to identify small-molecule modulators of cellular processes using the Cytometrix (TM) automated imaging and analysis system. This assay format provides unbiased analysis of morphological effects induced by small molecules by capturing phenotypic readouts of most known classes of pharmacological(More)
The B800-to-B850 energy transfer time in the purified B800-850 light-harvesting complex of Rhodobacter sphaeroides 2.4.1 is determined to be 0.7 ps at room temperature. The electronic state dynamics of the principal carotenoid of this species, spheroidene, are examined, both in vivo and in vitro, by direct femtosecond time-resolved experiments and by(More)
The near-field optical interaction between a sharp probe and a sample of interest can be exploited to image, spectroscopically probe, or modify surfaces at a resolution (down to approximately 12 nm) inaccessible by traditional far-field techniques. Many of the attractive features of conventional optics are retained, including noninvasiveness, reliability,(More)
In near-field scanning optical microscopy, a light source or detector with dimensions less than the wavelength (lambda) is placed in close proximity (lambda/50) to a sample to generate images with resolution better than the diffraction limit. A near-field probe has been developed that yields a resolution of approximately 12 nm ( approximately lambda/43) and(More)
We report femtosecond transient absorption studies of energy transfer dynamics in the B800-850 light-harvesting complex (LHC) of Rhodobacter sphaeroides 2.4.1. For complexes solubilized in lauryldimethylamine-N-oxide (LDAO), the carotenoid to bacteriochlorophyll (Bchl) B800 and carotenoid to Bchl B850 energy transfer times are 0.34 and 0.20 ps,(More)
Recent developments in optical studies of single molecules at room temperature are reviewed, with an emphasis on the underlying principles and the potential of single-molecule experiments. Examples of single-molecule studies are given, including photophysics and photochemistry pertinent to single-molecule measurements, spectral fluctuations, Raman(More)
Compounds with similar target specificities and modes of inhibition cause similar cellular phenotypes. Based on this observation, we hypothesized that we could quantitatively classify compounds with diverse mechanisms of action using cellular phenotypes and identify compounds with unintended cellular activities within a chemical series. We have developed(More)
Recent advances in probe design have led to enhanced resolution (currently as significant as ~ 12 nm) in optical microscopes based on near-field imaging. We demonstrate that the polarization of emitted and detected light in such microscopes can be manipulated sensitively to generate contrast. We show that the contrast on certain patterns is consistent with(More)
The major phospholipids of Bacillus stearothermophilus are phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), and cardiolipin (CL). Under the growth conditions used in this study the concentration of anionic lipid (PG + CL) was determined by the pH of the culture medium. Cells grown in a complex medium at pH 5.8, 7.0, and 8.0 contained 17, 29 and 36(More)
height. Assuming a linear relationship between thickness and absorption, as well as assuming a direct relationship between absorption and emission, the fluorescence signal, measured by NSOM, is expected to increase by the same percentage. The increase in fluorescence between the tallest feature and the background signal of 13 kcps is 13 kcps. Although this(More)