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IMPORTANCE Glioblastoma is the most devastating primary malignancy of the central nervous system in adults. Most patients die within 1 to 2 years of diagnosis. Tumor-treating fields (TTFields) are a locoregionally delivered antimitotic treatment that interferes with cell division and organelle assembly. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of(More)
Given the potential morbidity of whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT), there has been an increasing trend to defer WBRT and deliver Gamma Knife stereotactic radiosurgery (GKS) to cerebral metastatic lesions. We analyzed our experience delivering GKS to the tumor cavity following surgical resection of brain metastases and compared our results to patients(More)
BACKGROUND Meningiomas are biologically complex and clinically and surgically challenging. These features, combined with the rewarding potential for cure, make them of great interest to neurologists, neurosurgeons, and neuroscientists alike. REVIEW SUMMARY Initially, we review the clinical context of meningiomas, particularly recent changes in(More)
The introduction of methotrexate (MTX)-based chemotherapy has improved median survival for patients with primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL). Older age is a negative prognostic marker in patients with PCNSL and may increase the likelihood of MTX toxicity. We studied the response and adverse effects of intravenous high-dose MTX in patients who were 70 or more years(More)
BACKGROUND Among patients with glioblastoma (GBM) who progress on standard temozolomide, the optimal therapy is unknown. Resistance to temozolomide is partially mediated by O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT). Because MGMT may be depleted by prolonged temozolomide administration, dose-intense schedules may overcome resistance. METHODS This was(More)
Recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly aggressive cancer with poor prognosis, and an overall survival of 6 to 7 months with optimal therapies. The NovoTTF-100A™ System is a novel antimitotic cancer therapy recently approved for the treatment of recurrent GBM, based on phase III (EF-11) trial results. The Patient Registry Dataset (PRiDe) is a(More)
Prolactinomas are common tumors of the anterior pituitary gland. While conventional therapies, including dopamine agonists, transsphenoidal surgery and radiotherapy, are usually effective in controlling tumor growth, some patients develop treatment-resistant tumors. In this report, we describe a patient with an invasive prolactinoma resistant to(More)
BACKGROUND The ratio of high amyloid-β peptide40 (Aβ40) and low Aβ42 in plasma predicts the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and is associated with episodic recall in depression. We thus examined the relationship between plasma Aβ levels and brain volumes. METHODS Homebound elders (N = 352) who had undergone brain MRI were used. Plasma Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42(More)
It has been reported that metformin acts synergistically with temozolomide (TMZ) to inhibit proliferation of glioma cells including glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). However, the molecular mechanism underlying how metformin exerts its anti-cancer effects remains elusive. We used a combined experimental and bioinformatics approach to identify genes and complex(More)
BACKGROUND Dysregulated zinc transport has been observed in many cancers. However, the status of zinc homeostasis and the expression profile of zinc transporters in brain and brain tumors have not been reported. METHODS The gene profiles of 14 zinc importers (ZIPs) and 10 zinc exporters (ZnTs) in patients with glioma were studied by investigating the(More)