Jay J. Van Bavel

Learn More
Studies have shown that fusiform face area (FFA) activity increases with visual expertise. We present an fMRI study showing that faces from a social category made relevant by an experimental manipulation (members of an experimentally created in-group) preferentially recruited the FFA even when they were matched in exposure to face stimuli from a less(More)
• We tested intergroup mind perception with morphs between human and inanimate faces. • Participants had more lenient thresholds for perceiving minds in in-group faces. • Individual differences in collective identification moderated this bias. • Out-group threat was associated with lenient out-group mind perception. • Mind perception depends on contextual(More)
• We examined the relation between political ideology and racial categorization. • People categorized morphed faces that ranged from 100% Black to 100% White. • Conservatism (vs. liberalism) was associated with the tendency to categorize racially ambiguous faces as Black. • Relation between ideology and categorization was mediated by opposition to equality.(More)
Over the past few decades, dual attitude ⁄process ⁄ system models have emerged as the dominant framework for understanding a wide range of psychological phenomena. Most of these models characterize the unconscious and conscious mind as being built from discrete processes or systems: one that is reflexive, automatic, fast, affective, associative, and(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o The current research examines why people have superior recognition memory for own-group members compared to other-group members. In two studies, we provide evidence for one motivational mechanism underlying own-group bias—social belonging needs. In Study 1, participants assigned to a minimal group had superior memory for own-group(More)
Prominent theories of morality have integrated philosophy with psychology and biology. Although this approach has been highly generative, we argue that it does not fully capture the rich and dynamic nature of moral cognition. We review research from the dual-process tradition, in which moral intuitions are automatically elicited and reasoning is(More)
Evidence indicates that superior memory for own-group versus other-group faces (termed own-group bias) occurs because of social categorization: People are more likely to encode own-group members as individuals. The authors show that aspects of the perceiver’s social identity shape social attention and memory over and above mere categorization. In three(More)
Dual–process models of attitudes highlight the fact that evaluative processes are complex and multifaceted. Nevertheless, many of these models typically neglect important interactions among processes that can contribute to an evaluation. In this article, we propose a multilevel model informed by neuroscience in which current evaluations are constructed from(More)
Organisms must constantly balance appetitive needs with vigilance for potential threats. Recent research suggests that the amygdala may play an important role in both of these goals. Although the amygdala plays a role in processing motivationally relevant stimuli that are positive or negative, negative information often appears to carry greater weight. From(More)