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Excess weight gain is a major risk factor for essential hypertension and for end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Obesity raises blood pressure by increasing renal tubular sodium reabsorption, impairing pressure natriuresis, and causing volume expansion because of activation of the sympathetic nervous system and renin-angiotensin system and by physical(More)
Obesity may account for as much as 65% to 75% of human essential hypertension in most industrialized countries. Excess renal sodium reabsorption and a hypertensive shift of renal-pressure natriuresis play a key role in mediating obesity hypertension. Sympathetic activation contributes to obesity-induced sodium retention and hypertension because adrenergic(More)
This study was designed to determine the role of changes in adrenergic activity in mediating the chronic cardiovascular, renal, and metabolic actions of leptin. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were implanted with catheters for mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) measurements and IV infusions of either vehicle (n= 7) or alpha- and beta-adrenergic(More)
Acute studies suggest that leptin has pressor and depressor actions, including stimulation of sympathetic activity as well as increased release of NO from the vascular endothelium. The goal of this study was to examine the role of NO in modulating the chronic blood pressure, heart rate, and renal responses to hyperleptinemia, comparable to that found in(More)
This study examined control of cardiovascular and renal function during chronic melanocortin-3/4 receptor (MC3/4-R) activation or inhibition. Arterial and venous catheters were implanted in Sprague-Dawley rats for measurements of mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) 24 h/d and for intravenous infusions, and the lateral ventricle was cannulated(More)
First-generation microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) inhibitors were designed to inhibit hepatic MTP and provide a novel treatment of dyslipidemia. Effective at lowering low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), these inhibitors also elevate liver enzymes and induce hepatic steatosis in animals and humans. MTP is highly expressed in the(More)
A dictionary-based approach for extracting repetitive patterns in music aimed at music feature extraction and indexing for audio database management is proposed. In this system, segmentation is achieved based on the tempo information and a music score is decomposed into bars. Each bar is indexed and a bar index table is built. Then, an adaptive(More)
  • ‡Kitae Nahm, †Ahmed Helmy, Jay Kuo
  • 2005
Most of previous research on the transport design for 802.11 multi-hop ad hoc networks has a common ground. That is, the transport mechanism is affected by routing dynamics. Recently, we examined this problem from another angle; namely, the routing dynamics is affected by the transport mechanism [1], [2]. In this study, we continue to investigate the impact(More)