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Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) accounts for 3% of adult deaths from cancer. The risk factors for its development are still under intense investigation. Although tobacco smoke is a risk factor, the data are inconsistent and the extent of the increased risk is unclear. Estimates from 19 case-control and 5 cohort studies were used. The case-control reports(More)
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is a potent proinflammatory phospholipid with multiple pathological and physiological effects. We have shown that basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) supplementation induces rapid proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), which is reduced upon removal of bFGF or by bFGF immunoneutralization. The PAF(More)
Gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), a member of the bombesin family of peptides, has been shown to have mitogenic activity in small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC), and to be produced by SCLC in an autocrine fashion. In this report, we demonstrate that both GRP and another member of the bombesin family of peptides, neuromedin B (NMB), are also autocrine growth(More)
Tumor-induced angiogenic responses lead to complex phenotypic changes in vascular endothelial cells, which must coordinate the expression of both proteases and protease inhibitors prior to the proliferation and invasion of surrounding stroma. Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), which degrades Type IV collagen, is produced as proMMP2. proMMP2 is activated in(More)
Bombesin-like peptides (BLPs) are important regulators of lung development and may also act as autocrine growth factors in lung tumors. We have previously demonstrated expression of mRNA for the three BLP receptor subtypes (neuromedin B [NMB]) receptor, gastrin-releasing peptide [GRP] receptor, and bombesin receptor subtype 3 [BRS-3]) in human non-small(More)
TP53 mutations are common in lung cancers of smokers, with high prevalence of G:C-to-T:A transversions generally interpreted as mutagen fingerprints of tobacco smoke. In this study, TP53 (exons 5-9) and KRAS (codon 12) were analyzed in primary lung tumors of never (n = 40), former (n = 27), and current smokers (n = 64; mainly heavy smokers). Expression of(More)
Platelet-activating factor (PAF), a phospholipid second messenger, has diverse physiological functions, including responses in differentiated endothelial cells to external stimuli. We used human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) as a model system. We show that PAF activated pertussis toxin-insensitive G alpha(q) protein upon binding to its seven(More)
Eight hundred sixty-three subjects with atrophic gastritis were recruited to participate in an ongoing chemoprevention trial in Nariño, Colombia. The participants were randomly assigned to intervention therapies, which included treatment to eradicate Helicobacter pylori infection followed by daily dietary supplementation with antioxidant micronutrients in a(More)
Adenocarcinomas of the lung remain a significant public health problem. Locally defined (stage I) tumors are considered amenable to resection with curative intent. However, only about 45% of these patients survive for 5 years. The median survival for more advanced tumors is drastically lower. Much research has been focused on identifying a valid genetic(More)
Chromosome 3p is consistently deleted in lung cancer, oral squamous cell carcinoma, and renal cell carcinoma, and is believed to contain several tumor suppressor genes. We have shown a role for chromosome 3 in tumor suppression by microcell-mediated chromosome transfer experiments. We have isolated a gene that is located at 3p21.3 within the smallest region(More)