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Occupational sex segregation and its relationship with wages during the 1973-93 period are examined. Wage level and wage change models are estimated using data from various CPS earnings files matched with information on occupational skills and job disamenities. Standard wage level equations indicate that female and male wages are substantially lower in(More)
Swinnerton for comments and suggestions on earlier versions of this paper. Any opinions expressed here are mine, and do not necessarily reflect those of the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Abstract Over the past few years there has been a keen interest, both in the popular press and among researchers, in whether job stability and job security have declined.(More)
Older Americans' time use changes dramatically with age, but it is the lower employment rates at older ages—rather than age itself—that matter most U nderstanding how older Americans spend their time and how their time use changes at key life events, such as retirement, is important because it affects their well-being. Other aspects of aging, such as the(More)
Estimates of hours worked from the CPS are very close to estimates from the ATUS for CPS reference weeks; however, CPS reference weeks are not representative of the entire month T he number of hours people work for pay is an important economic measure. In addition to being a measure of labor utilization, it is a component of other economic statistics. For(More)
We propose a new method for using validation data to correct self-reported weight and height in surveys that do not measure respondents. The standard correction in prior research regresses actual measures on reported values using an external validation dataset, and then uses the estimated coefficients to predict actual measures in the primary dataset. This(More)
Stress over the use of time is a hallmark of American life today. We analyze the role of bargaining in explaining how spouses divide up leisure and chore time. Unlike many other outcomes of household decision-making, time use is easy to observe and to assign to individuals using data from the new American Time Use Survey. Moreover, the ATUS provides a(More)
Evidence suggests that, from birth, fathers treat sons differently than daughters in the U.S., as well as in developing countries. Fathers' time investments in children are one channel through which differential treatment by gender may affect children's outcomes. This paper uses data from the 2003 American Time Use Survey to explore three questions about(More)
The American Time Use Survey's measures of primary childcare and time with children are comparable with those in earlier U.S. time-diary studies, but the secondary childcare measure is not Mary Dorinda Allard is an economist in the Office of Employment and Unemployment Statistics, O ne of the most important trends to alter family life in the latter half of(More)