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Several studies suggest veterans have a higher prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection than nonveterans, possibly because of military exposures. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of anti-hepatitis C antibody and evaluate factors associated with infection among users of Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers. Using a(More)
BACKGROUND Many veterans may not be candidates for hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment due to contraindications to therapy. The aims of this study were to determine the proportion of HCV-infected veterans who were eligible for interferon alfa and ribavirin therapy and to evaluate barriers to HCV treatment. METHODS We prospectively enrolled 4,084 veterans(More)
In previous hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment studies, Black patients not only had a lower sustained viral response (SVR) rate to interferon and ribavirin (RBV) than non-Black patients but also a higher frequency of HCV genotype 1 (GT-1) infection. The aim of this community-based study was to determine whether Black patients have a lower SVR rate(More)
Miyoshi myopathy (MM) is a rare autosomal recessive distal myopathy linked to chromosome 2p12-14 that has not been described in Saudi Arabia. A Saudi family with five siblings aged 3-25 years, an unrelated 18-year-old woman and a 40-year-old man with MM were identified. All patients underwent a neurological examination, serum chemistry, electromyography and(More)
BACKGROUND The Wallstent has remained the industry standard for biliary self-expanding metal stents (SEMSs). Recently, stents of differing designs, compositions, and diameters have been developed. OBJECTIVE To compare the new nitinol 6-mm and 10-mm Zilver stents with the 10-mm stainless steel Wallstent and determine the mechanism of obstruction. DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS There are limited data on learning curves and competence in ERCP. By using a standardized data collection tool, we aimed to prospectively define learning curves and measure competence among advanced endoscopy trainees (AETs) by using cumulative sum (CUSUM) analysis. METHODS AETs were evaluated by attending endoscopists starting with(More)
Biliary complications remain a cause of morbidity after liver transplantation. The aim of this study was to determine whether changes in clinical practice in the era of the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) has affected biliary complications after liver transplantation. We retrospectively reviewed all deceased donor liver transplants at a single(More)
Liver transplant recipients with recurrent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection often have histological hepatitis, and in some patients, graft failure develops. The aim of this nonrandomized study is to determine the efficacy and tolerability of interferon alfa (IFN alfa) alone and IFN alfa and ribavirin combination therapy in such patients. Forty transplant(More)
Herbal and dietary supplement (HDS) hepatotoxicity is increasingly being reported in the USA. This case series describes the presenting clinical features and outcomes of seven patients with liver injury attributed to OxyELITE Pro enrolled in the Drug-Induced Liver Injury Network (DILIN) study. The 6-month outcomes of patients with hepatotoxicity attributed(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a devastating complication of cirrhosis with high mortality. The impact of a prior episode of SBP on the outcome of liver transplantation (LT) is not well known. We aimed to determine the short- and long-term morbidity and mortality of patients who received LT, with and without a history of SBP.(More)