Javiera Retamal

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BACKGROUND Overdistension and cyclic recruitment-derecruitment contribute to ventilator-induced lung injury. High tidal volumes are thought to increase mortality mainly by inducing overdistension. However, experimental evidence suggests that tidal volume (VT) may also influence cyclic recruitment-derecruitment. Our main goal was to determine whether high(More)
BACKGROUND Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) improves gas exchange and respiratory mechanics, and it may decrease tissue injury and inflammation. The mechanisms of this protective effect are not fully elucidated. Our aim was to determine the intrinsic effects of moderate and higher levels of PEEP on tidal recruitment/derecruitment, hyperinflation, and(More)
BACKGROUND Infantile hemangiomas have a dramatic response to propranolol, a nonselective beta-blocker. However, this treatment is not risk-free and many patients are excluded because of respiratory comorbidities. Atenolol is a cardioselective beta-blocker that may have fewer adverse events. OBJECTIVE We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of atenolol(More)
BACKGROUND We recently reported that a high respiratory rate was associated with less inflammation than a low respiratory rate, but caused more pulmonary edema in a model of ARDS when an ARDSNet ventilatory strategy was used. We hypothesized that an open lung approach (OLA) strategy would neutralize the independent effects of respiratory rate on lung(More)
BACKGROUND The independent impact of respiratory rate on ventilator-induced lung injury has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of two clinically relevant respiratory rates on early ventilator-induced lung injury evolution and lung edema during the protective ARDSNet strategy. We hypothesized that the use of a(More)
UNLABELLED Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a lethal congenital heart disease in 95% of non-treated patients. Surgical staging is the main form of treatment, consisting of a 3-stage approach, beginning with the Norwood operation. Long term survival of treated patients is unknown in our country. OBJECTIVES 1) To review our experience in the(More)
INTRODUCTION Surgical site infections (SSI) are an important cause of morbidity in pediatric cardiac surgery. Risk factors in patients requiring delayed sternal closure (DSC) are unknown. AIM To report the rate of SSI in children undergoing cardiac surgery with DSC and determine the risk factors. METHODOLOGY A retrospective case-control study, in(More)