Javier de Castro

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BACKGROUND Erlotinib has been shown to improve progression-free survival compared with chemotherapy when given as first-line treatment for Asian patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with activating EGFR mutations. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of erlotinib compared with standard chemotherapy for first-line treatment of European(More)
Phosphatidylinositol-3 kinases, PI3Ks, constitute a lipid kinase family characterized by their ability to phosphorylate inositol ring 3'-OH group in inositol phospholipids to generate the second messenger phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PI-3,4,5-P(3)). RPTK activation results in PI(3,4,5)P(3) and PI(3,4)P(2) production by PI3K at the inner side of(More)
The purpose of this phase II trial was to determine the efficacy and safety of the XELOX (capecitabine/oxaliplatin) regimen as first-line therapy in the elderly patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC). A total of 50 patients with MCRC aged > or = 70 years received oxaliplatin 130 mg m(-2) on day 1 followed by oral capecitabine 1000 mg m(-2) twice(More)
The clinical and functional significance of RNA-interference machinery in lung cancer is poorly understood. Besides, microRNAs (miRNA) have the potential to serve both as biomarkers and therapeutic agents, by personalizing diagnosis and therapy. In this study, we investigated whether the expression levels of DICER1 and DROSHA, components of the(More)
BACKGROUND The object of this phase II study was to assess the impact of preoperative external radiation therapy combined with UFT and leucovorin on tumor response, sphincter preservation and tumor control in patients with rectal carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty-one patients with resectable extraperitoneal rectal adenocarcinoma received radiation(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with at-home death among patients with advanced cancer and create a decision-making model for discharging patients from an acute-care hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS We conducted an observational cohort study to identify the association between place of death and the clinical and(More)
Beta-catenin expression in small cell lung carcinomas (SCLC) was investigated by immunohistochemical method using antibodies against beta-catenin. 50 pre-treatment biopsies were examined and the relationship between beta-catenin expression and the patients' relevant clinical characteristics, response to chemotherapy, time to relapse or progression, and(More)
Median survival of patients with brain metastases from nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is poor and more effective treatments are urgently needed. We have evaluated the efficacy of erlotinib in this setting and its association with activating mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene. We retrospectively identified patients with NSCLC(More)
BACKGROUND Adequate prognostic markers to predict outcome of patients with lung cancer are still needed. The aim of this study was to assess whether choline kinase alpha (ChoKalpha) gene expression could identify patients with different prognoses. ChoKalpha is an enzyme involved in cell metabolism and proliferation and has a role in oncogene-mediated(More)