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Strategies to enhance the immunogenicity of tumors are urgently needed. Although vaccination with irradiated dying lymphoma cells recruits a tumor-specific immune response, its efficiency as immunogen is poor. Annexin V (AxV) binds with high affinity to phosphatidylserine on the surface of apoptotic and necrotic cells and thereby impairs their uptake by(More)
The implication of the tetraspanin CD9 in cancer has received much recent attention and an inverse correlation between CD9 expression and the metastatic potential and cancer survival rate has been established for different tumor types. In contrast to the well-established role of CD9 in metastasis, very little is known about the involvement of this(More)
Chemical modification of biological materials used in the manufacture of cardiac valves tends to reduce the relatively high degree of biodegradation and calcification of the implanted bioprostheses. The most widely used treatment to reduce biodegradability of the valves is glutaraldehyde fixation. However, this treatment is potentially toxic and induces(More)
Bile acids are natural detergents mainly involved in facilitating the absorption of dietary fat in the intestine. In addition to this absorptive function, bile acids are also essential in the maintenance of the intestinal epithelium homeostasis. To accomplish this regulatory function, bile acids may induce programmed cell death fostering the renewal of the(More)
Butyrate has antitumorigenic effects on colon cancer cells, inhibits cell growth and promotes differentiation and apoptosis. These effects depend on its intracellular concentration, which is regulated by its transport. We have analysed butyrate uptake kinetics in human colon adenocarcinoma cells sensitive to the apoptotic effects of butyrate (BCS-TC2,(More)
Alpha-sarcin is a ribosome-inactivating protein that has been well characterized in vitro, but little is known about its toxicity in living cells. We have analyzed the mechanism of internalization of alpha-sarcin into human rhabdomyosarcoma cells and the cellular events that result in the induction of cell death. No specific cell surface receptor for(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the fine specificity of IgG autoantibodies in sera from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients for type II collagen (CII) epitopes that are arthritogenic in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), a relevant murine model of RA. METHODS For enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) analysis of conformation-dependent autoantibody binding,(More)
We have cloned the full coding cDNA sequence of chicken annexin V and of a mutant lacking 8 amino acid residues of the N-terminal tail for prokaryotic expression. Both proteins were synthesized in Escherichia coli upon induction with isopropyl thio-beta-D-galactoside, and were purified following two different protocols: one based on the ability of these(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is critical for normal mammary development and is overexpressed by breast cancers. PTHrP is a peptide hormone that undergoes extensive post-translational processing, and PTHrP(38-94)-amide is one of the mature secretory forms of the peptide. In this study, we explored the effect of PTHrP(38-94)-amide in a panel of(More)
The use of biological materials in the construction of bioprostheses requires the application of different chemical or physical procedures to improve the mechanical performance of the material without producing any undesirable effects. A number of cross-linking methods have been tested in biological tissues composed mainly of collagen. The basis for most of(More)