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Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion syndrome (MDS) is characterized by a reduction in mtDNA copy number and consequent mitochondrial dysfunction in affected tissues. A subgroup of MDS is caused by mutations in genes that disrupt deoxyribonucleotide metabolism, which ultimately leads to limited availability of one or several deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates(More)
Polyphosphate (polyP) is a linear chain of up to hundreds of inorganic phosphate residues that is necessary for many physiological functions in all living organisms. In some bacteria, polyP supplies material to molecules such as DNA, thus playing an important role in biosynthetic processes in prokaryotes. In the present study, we set out to gain further(More)
Proliferating cells are preferentially susceptible to infection by retroviruses. Sterile α motif and HD domain-containing protein-1 (SAMHD1) is a recently described deoxynucleotide phosphohydrolase controlling the size of the intracellular deoxynucleotide triphosphate (dNTP) pool, a limiting factor for retroviral reverse transcription in noncycling cells.(More)
Over the last 15 years, important research has expanded our knowledge of the clinical, molecular genetic, and biochemical features of mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE). The characterization of mitochondrial involvement in this disorder and the seminal determination of its genetic cause, have opened new possibilities for more(More)
Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the TYMP gene, which encodes thymidine phosphorylase (TP). TP dysfunction results in systemic thymidine (dThd) and deoxyuridine (dUrd) overload, which selectively impair mitochondrial DNA replication. Allogeneic hematopoietic(More)
Mutations in an increasing number of nuclear genes involved in deoxyribonucleotide homeostasis cause disorders associated with somatic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) abnormalities. Dysfunction of the products of these genes leads to limited availability of substrates for mtDNA replication and results in mtDNA depletion, multiple deletions or point mutations;(More)
Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is a severe human disease caused by mutations in TYMP, the gene encoding thymidine phosphorylase (TP). It belongs to a broader group of disorders characterized by a pronounced reduction in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number in one or more tissues. In most cases, these disorders are caused by(More)
Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in TYMP, enconding thymidine phosphorylase (TP). TP deficiency results in systemic accumulation of thymidine and deoxyuridine, which interferes with mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) replication and leads to mitochondrial dysfunction. To date, the(More)
The cellular quality control systems enable surveillance and selective degradation of nonsense, nonstop, and no-go mRNAs. In the case of nonstop mRNA, different mechanisms of nonstop-mediated decay (NSD) have been described for bacteria, yeast and mammals, but the molecular consequences of nonstop mutations have been examined in only few cases of human(More)
Solute carrier (SLC) transporters mediate the uptake of biologically active compounds in the intestine. Reduced oxygenation (hypoxia) is an important factor influencing intestinal homeostasis. The aim of this study was to investigate the pathophysiological consequences of hypoxia on the expression and function of SLCs in human intestine. Hypoxia was induced(More)