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Let G be a connected plane geometric graph with n vertices. In this paper, we study bounds on the number of edges required to be added to G to obtain 2-vertex or 2-edge connected plane geometric graphs. In particular, we show that for G to become 2-edge connected, 2n 3 additional edges are required in some cases and that 6n 7 additional edges are always(More)
We consider combinatorial and computational issues that are related to the problem of moving coins from one configuration to another. Coins are defined as non-overlapping discs, and moves are defined as collision free translations, all in the Euclidean plane. We obtain combinatorial bounds on the number of moves that are necessary and/or sufficient to move(More)