Javier Ruiz-Sanz

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We have studied the stability of the histone-like, DNA-binding protein HU from the hyperthermophilic eubacterium Thermotoga maritima and its E34D mutant by differential scanning microcalorimetry and CD under acidic conditions at various concentrations within the range of 2-225 micro m of monomer. The thermal unfolding of both proteins is highly reversible(More)
Differential scanning calorimetry of Escherichia coli carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase and its isolated large and small subunits reveals in each case an irreversible, kinetically controlled transition, at a temperature 14 degrees C higher for the holoenzyme than for the subunits, indicating dramatic stabilization of the subunits in the heterodimer. The(More)
There is a region of well-ordered structure in the transition state of folding of chymotrypsin inhibitor 2 (CI2) that consists of N-terminal residues in the unique alpha-helix (residues 12 to 24) plus some long range interactions, in particular those of Ala16 with Ile57 and Leu49 in the hydrophobic core. This is proposed to be a nucleation site. A crucial(More)
The noncovalent complex formed by the association of two fragments of chymotrypsin inhibitor-2 is reversibly denatured by pressure in the absence of chemical denaturants. On pressure release, the complex returned to its original conformation through a biphasic reaction, with first-order rate constants of 0.012 and 0.002 s-1, respectively. The slowest phase(More)
The isolated N-terminal 1-69 domain of the 434-phage repressor, R69, and its covalently linked (head-to-tail and tail-to-tail) dimers have been studied by differential scanning microcalorimetry (DSC) and CD. At neutral solvent conditions the R69 domain maintains its native structure, both in isolated form and within the dimers. The stability of the domain(More)
We have prepared a family of peptide fragments of the 64-residue chymotrypsin inhibitor 2, corresponding to its progressive elongation from the N terminus. The growing polypeptide chain has little tendency to form stable structure until it is largely synthesized, and what structures are formed are nonnative and lack, in particular, the native secondary(More)
Possible early events in protein folding may be studied by dissecting proteins into complementary fragments. Two fragments of chymotrypsin inhibitor 2 [CI2-(20-59) and CI2-(60-83)] associate to form a native-like structure in a second-order reaction that combines collision and rearrangement. The transition state of the reaction, analyzed by the protein(More)
The kinetics of association of the fragments of the barely chymotrypsin inhibitor-2, CI-2(20-59) and CI-2(60-83), to form a native-like structure follows two phases. There is a major second-order component with rate constant (3.7 +/- 0.3) x 10(3) M-1 s-1 and a slow first-order phase of rate constant 0.011 +/- 0.001 s-1. The major phase contains a(More)
Two fragments of chymotrypsin inhibitor-2, CI-2(20-59) and CI-2(60-83), derived from cyanogen bromide cleavage at Met-59, associate to give a native-like structure. We analyze the kinetics and equilibria of association of mutant fragments derived from cleaving mutant proteins at the same methionine residue. The changes in free energy of association have(More)
SH3 domains are molecular-recognition modules that function by interacting with proteins containing sequences in polyproline II (PPII) conformation. The main limitation in designing short-ligand peptides to interact with these domains is the preservation of this helical arrangement, for which a high content of proline is needed. We have overcome this(More)