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Magnetic induction tomography (MIT) is a contactless method for mapping the electrical conductivity of tissue. MIT is based on the perturbation of an alternating magnetic field by a conducting object. The perturbation is detected by a voltage change in a receivercoil. At physiologically interesting frequencies (10 kHz-10 MHz) and conductivities (< 2 S(More)
We evaluated analytically and experimentally the performance of a planar gradiometer as a sensing element in a system for magnetic induction tomography. A system using an excitation coil and a planar gradiometer was compared against a system with two coils. We constructed one excitation coil, two different sensing elements and a high-resolution phase(More)
Electrical properties of myocardial tissue are anisotropic due to the complex structure of the myocardial fiber orientation and the distribution of gap junctions. For this reason, measured myocardial impedance may differ depending on the current distribution and direction with respect to myocardial fiber orientation and, consequently, according to the(More)
This paper deals with the design, implementation and performance of TIE-4sys, an electrical impedance tomograph. This instrument is a parallel broad-band real-time system. It measures impedance using an array of 16 electrodes and reconstructs the images using a weighted back-projection technique. The objective of this development is to enable multifrequency(More)
We measured transthoracic impedance in nine presumed healthy adult subjects with a two-frequency plethysmograph at 57 kHz and 185 kHz. The measurement protocol included periods of normal breathing without motion and periods of motion without breathing. We analyzed the cross-correlation and the ratio between the signals at both frequencies for all the(More)
We measured transthoracic impedance between 12.5 and 185 kHz in nine adults. We used a system with two impedance channels, both simultaneously detecting the real part of impedance at two different frequencies. We used only two electrodes in the midaxillary line, connecting both channels in parallel. The amplitude relation between the two channels was(More)
The investigation of processes of ischemia in different organ tissues is very important for the development of methods of protection and preservation during surgical procedures. Electrical impedance spectroscopy was used to distinguish between different tissues and their degree of ischemia. We describe mathematical methods used to adjust experimental data(More)
Long-term electrical impedance measurements are affected by specific errors. Electrode failure, changes in its impedance due to aging, and postural changes are among the most important. We analyse errors due to electrode replacement and body postural changes. Electrode replacement errors can cause impedance changes up to 5% of basal value. This is one of(More)
Healed myocardial infarction has been recognized by its particular tissue electrical impedance spectrum measured with intramural needle electrodes in animal models. The aim of this study was to develop a percutaneous approach for in vivo recognition of areas of healed myocardial infarction by measuring myocardial electrical impedance with an intracavitary(More)