Learn More
We tested the effect of three variables: the bioreactor system (Wave or Spray reactor), medium exchange and culture period, on the capacity of a selected hairy root line of Panax ginseng to produce ginsenosides. Among the reactors, the Wave bioreactor appeared to be the most efficient in promoting hairy root line growth. Periodic exchanges of the medium and(More)
Paclitaxel and baccatin III-producing cells of Taxus baccata were immobilized within Ca(2+)-alginate beads. Under established optimum conditions for the biosynthesis of both taxanes, the yields of paclitaxel and baccatin III in shake-flask cultures of free cells increased by factors of up to 3 and 2, respectively, in the corresponding cultures of(More)
Transformed roots were obtained after the inoculation of sterile root discs of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer with Agrobacterium rhizogenes A4. The established hairy root lines displayed three morphological phenotypes when cultured on hormone-free liquid Schenk and Hildebrandt medium. Most of the cultures showed the characteristic traits of hairy roots (HR-M),(More)
Considering that exogenously applied methyl jasmonate can enhance secondary metabolite production in a variety of plant species and that 2,3-oxidosqualene is a common precursor of triterpenes and sterols in plants, we have studied Centella asiatica and Galphimia glauca (both synthesizing triterpenoid secondary compounds) and Ruscus aculeatus (which(More)
Putrescine:SAM N-methyltransferase (PMT) catalyses the N-methylation of the diamine putrescine to form N-methylputrescine, the first specific precursor of both tropane and pyridine-type alkaloids, which are present together in the roots of Duboisia plants. The pmt gene of Nicotiana tabacum was placed under the regulation of the CaMV 35S promoter and(More)
Panax ginseng calluses were cultured for 5 weeks on solid MS medium supplemented with kinetin 0.46 mM (0.1 mg l−1) and 2 mg l−1 of 2,4-D (9.05 mM), IBA (9.98 mM) or NAA (10.74 mM). In the conditions studied, 2,4-D inhibited the organogenic capacity of the calluses, whereas IBA or NAA increased this capacity. IBA induced the formation of a high number of(More)
Withania somnifera, commonly known as Ashwagandha, is an important medicinal plant that has been used in Ayurvedic and indigenous medicine for over 3,000 years. In view of its varied therapeutic potential, it has also been the subject of considerable modern scientific attention. The major chemical constituents of the Withania genus, the withanolides, are a(More)
Transformation of Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi leaf sections with the pPCV002-ABC (rol genes A, B and C together under the control of their own promoter) or pPCV002-CaMVC (rol gene C alone under the control of the CaMV 35S promoter) construction present in trans-acting Agrobacterium tumefaciens vectors yielded several transgenic root lines. The two types(More)
Treatment of Linum album cell cultures with 10 μM salicylic acid (SA) for 3 days improved podophyllotoxin (PTOX) production up to 333 μg/g dry weight (DW): over three times that of the control cultures. qPCR analyses showed that in SA-treated cells, the expression of the genes coding for phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), cinnamoyl-CoA reductase (CCR) and(More)
Plasma membrane vesicles were purified from tobacco callii and the modulation of H(+)-ATPase by detergents was investigated. The nonionic detergent Brij 58 not only activated ATP hydrolysis (2-fold) but also proton pumping (more than 4-fold). Triton X-100, within a more limited concentration range, produced a similar effect. The simultaneous activation of(More)