Javier Moral-Sanz

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Recent data suggest that diabetes is a risk factor for pulmonary hypertension. The aim of the present study was to analyze whether diabetes induces endothelial dysfunction in pulmonary arteries and the mechanisms involved. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a control (saline) and a diabetic group (70 mg/kg(-1) streptozotocin). After 6 wk,(More)
AIMS The mechanisms involved in hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) are not yet fully defined. The aim of the study was to determine the role of protein kinase C zeta (PKCzeta) and neutral sphingomyelinase (nSMase) in HPV. METHODS AND RESULTS Ceramide content was measured by immunocytochemistry and voltage-gated potassium channel (KV) currents were(More)
Insulin resistance and diabetes are current clinical concerns due to their increasing prevalence in western societies and in developing countries. Cardiovascular alterations, affecting both macro- and microcirculation, are among the major causes of illness and premature death within patients with insulin resistance or diabetes. However, the detrimental(More)
Celecoxib is a COX-2 inhibitor that has been related to an increased cardiovascular risk and that exerts several actions on different targets. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of this drug on human cardiac voltage-gated potassium channels (Kv) involved on cardiac repolarization Kv1.5 (I(Kur)), Kv4.3+KChIP2 (I(to1)) and Kv7.1+KCNE1 (I(Ks))(More)
The molecular mechanisms underlying hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) are not yet properly understood. Mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC) and NADPH oxidase have been proposed as possible oxygen sensors, with derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) playing key roles in coupling the sensor(s) to the contractile machinery. We have recently(More)
The increase in O(2) tension after birth is a major factor stimulating ductus arteriosus (DA) constriction and closure. Here we studied the role of the mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC) as sensor, H(2)O(2) as mediator, and voltage-gated potassium (K(V)) channels and Rho kinase as effectors of O(2)-induced contraction in the chicken DA during(More)
Neutral sphingomyelinase (nSMase)-derived ceramide has been proposed as a mediator of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV), a specific response of the pulmonary circulation. Voltage-gated K(+) (K(v)) channels are modulated by numerous vasoactive factors, including hypoxia, and their inhibition has been involved in HPV. Herein, we have analyzed the(More)
Quercetin is a dietary flavonoid which exerts vasodilator, antiplatelet and antiproliferative effects and reduces blood pressure, oxidative status and end-organ damage in humans and animal models of systemic hypertension. We hypothesized that oral quercetin treatment might be protective in a rat model of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Three weeks after(More)
KEY POINTS Adult animals that have been perinatally exposed to oxygen-rich atmospheres (hyperoxia), recalling those used for oxygen therapy in infants, exhibit a loss of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction, whereas vasoconstriction elicited by depolarizing agents is maintained. Loss of pulmonary hypoxic vasoconstriction is not linked to alterations in(More)
OBJECTIVES Acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome are characterized by increased pulmonary artery pressure and ventilation-perfusion mismatch. We analyzed the changes in the pulmonary vascular function in a model of ventilator-induced acute lung injury. DESIGN Controlled in vivo laboratory study. SETTING Animal research laboratory. (More)