Javier Lavilla

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BACKGROUND The optimal time to initiate renal replacement therapy (RRT) in cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) is unknown. Evidence suggests that the early use of RRT in critically ill patients is associated with improved outcomes. We studied the effects of time to initiation of RRT on outcome in patients with CSA-AKI. METHODS This(More)
INTRODUCTION Several epidemiologic prospective studies have provided strong evidence that hyperhomocysteinemia (HHC) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) due to its role in producing endothelial damage due to oxidation stress. Several studies show that combined folic acid (FA) and vitamin B12 (B12) treatment decreases fasting total homocysteine(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is defined as an abrupt decline in the glomerular filtration rate with accumulation of nitrogenous waste products and the inability to maintain fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. Occurring in 7% of all hospitalized patients and 28% to 35% of those in intensive care units, AKI increases hospital mortality. Early evaluation should(More)
Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a systemic disease with multiple extrarenal manifestations. It accounts for 7% to 11% of patients receiving dialysis or renal transplantation (RT) for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in Europe. We analyzed retrospectively the causes of death, the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) and the(More)
PURPOSE Cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) is independently associated with mortality. Several risk scores have been developed to predict the need for RRT after cardiac surgery. We have compared and verified the external validity of the three main available scores for RRT prediction after cardiac(More)
In the last 20 years, endovascular procedures have radically altered the treatment of diseases of the aorta. The objective of endovascular treatment of dissections is to close the entry point to redirect blood flow toward the true lumen, thereby achieving thrombosis of the false lumen. In extensive chronic dissections that have evolved with the formation of(More)